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Table 4 The one-way analysis of variance to the three groups and the post hoc test

From: The Victorian Sports Assessment Institute-Achilles Tendinopathy Questionnaire (VISA-A): Chinese cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric validation

Measurement property Mean ± SD Result
ANOVA
General students (n = 90) 90.5 ± 11.1 P < 0.0001
Sports students (n = 89) 95.0 ± 7.8
Achilles tendinopathy (n = 85) 60.3 ± 18.9
Scheffe's post-hoc test
General students (n = 90) comparison
Sports students (n = 89)
P = 0.08, − 4.5 (− 9.4 to 0.4)
General students (n = 90) comparison
Achilles tendinopathy (n = 85)
P < 0.0001, 30.2 (25.2 to 35.1)
General students (n = 89) comparison
Achilles tendinopathy (n = 85)
P < 0.0001, 34.7 (29.7 to 39.7)
Item 8
t test
General students (n = 90) 24.8 ± 7.2 P = 0.0008, − 3.1 (− 4.9 to − 1.3)
Sports students (n = 89) 27.9 ± 4.9