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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample

From: Adaptation and validation of a German version of the Multimorbidity Treatment Burden Questionnaire

Characteristics Patient sample (N = 344)
Age: mean ± SD 77.5 ± 7.1
Gender
 Female 190 (55.2%)
 Male 154 (44.8%)
Marital status
 Married 189 (54.9%)
 Widowed 99 (28.8%)
 Divorced 33 (9.6%)
 Single 23 (6.7%)
Education level (via CASMIN [39])
 Primary 193 (56.4%)
 Secondary 95 (27.8%)
 Tertiary 54 (15.8%)
Country of birth
 Germany 319 (92.7%)
 Other 25 (7.3%)
Nursing care dependency
 Yes 78 (22.7%)
 No 266 (77.3%)
Total number of comorbidities: mean ± SD 9.8 ± 4.5
Total number of long-term medications: mean ± SD 6.0 ± 3.2
Comorbidities
 Chronic low back pain 196 (57.0%)
 Urinary incontinence 136 (39.5%)
 Diabetes 119 (34.6%)
 Coronary heart disease 71 (20.6%)
 COPD 71 (20.6%)
 Heart failure 61 (17.7%)
 Depression 51 (14.8%)
 Asthma 50 (14.5%)
 Chronic kidney disease 41 (11.9%)
 Stroke/Transient ischaemic attack 31 (9.0%)
 Anxiety disorder 27 (7.8%)
 Parkinson’s disease 5 (1.5%)
Treatment burden level (as assessed via MTBQ global score)
 No burden (0) 88 (25.6%)
 Low burden (< 10) 134 (39.0%)
 Medium burden (11–22) 97 (28.2%)
 High burden (≥ 22) 25 (7.3%)