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Table 1 Factors associated with HPLP among older adults

From: The association between health-promoting-lifestyles, and socioeconomic, family relationships, social support, health-related quality of life among older adults in china: a cross sectional study

Characteristics N (%) \(\overline{\mathrm{X} }\)±S t/F/H P
Empty nest    − 3.86  < 0.001
Empty nest 4901(57.5) 105.3 ± 19.7   
Non-empty nest 3625(42.5) 106.9 ± 19.5   
Gender    2.09 0.037
Males 4239(49.7) 106.4 ± 19.8   
Females 4287(50.3) 105.6 ± 19.4   
Age    38.08  < 0.001
60 years ~  4570(53.6) 106.9 ± 19.6   
70 years ~  2956(34.7) 106.2 ± 19.4   
80 years ~  1000(11.7) 101.0 ± 19.7   
Residence    − 19.81  < 0.001
Rural 5543(65.0) 102.9 ± 18.8   
Urban 2983(34.9) 111.7 ± 19.9   
Education    503.78a  < 0.001
Primary education 5352(62.8) 102.5 ± 19.0   
Secondary education 2753(32.3) 110.9 ± 18.5   
Higher education 421(4.9) 118.1 ± 21.9   
Marital status    176.83a  < 0.001
Widowed 2067(24.2) 101.4 ± 19.2   
Divorced 184(2.2) 106.9 ± 18.7   
Spinsterhood 236(2.8) 101.3 ± 21.9   
Married 6039(70.8) 107.7 ± 19.4   
Pre-retirement occupation    99.89  < 0.001
Jobless 607(7.1) 102.8 ± 20.6   
Migrate workers 431(5.1) 105.6 ± 20.6   
Farmer 4179(49.0) 101.4 ± 18.4   
Commercial and service laborers 152(1.8) 110.9 ± 16.5   
Dealer 335(3.9) 110.8 ± 18.9   
Worker 906(10.6) 109.3 ± 18.3   
Laborers of company 732(8.6) 114.1 ± 19.5   
Laborers of public institution 1184(13.9) 114.4 ± 19.2   
Working    0.05 0.963
No 7732(90.7) 105.9 ± 19.5   
Yes 794(9.3) 105.9 ± 21.2   
Source of income    495.07a  < 0.001
Social relief and others 668(7.8) 99.3 ± 20.7   
Supply from children 2983(34.9) 102.9 ± 18.5   
Personal and spouse 2209(25.9) 103.9 ± 18.9   
Pension 2666(31.3) 112.7 ± 19.4   
Monthly income    598.60a  < 0.001
No 3060(35.9) 101.4 ± 18.9   
 < 1000 yuan 2269(26.6) 103.3 ± 18.5   
1000 yuan~  2171(25.5) 110.3 ± 18.7   
3000 yuan~  1026(12.0) 116.5 ± 20.3   
Relationship with children    − 2.88 0.004
No children or bad 1067(12.5) 104.4 ± 19.7   
Good 7459(87.5) 106.2 ± 19.6   
Spouse relationship    − 2.26 0.024
No spouse or bad 766(8.9) 104.5 ± 19.9   
Good 7760(91.0) 106.1 ± 19.6   
  1. aKruskal–Wallis H test