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Table 9 Change in EQ-5D-Y-5L and EQ-5D-Y-3L level sum scores (LSS) over time and between unchanged, improve or worsened self-rated health

From: Measurement properties and responsiveness of the EQ-5D-Y-5L compared to the EQ-5D-Y-3L in children and adolescents receiving acute orthopaedic care

  Change in EQ-5D-Y-5L LSS Change in EQ-5D-Y-3L LSS
Mean difference (95% CI) p value Effect size Mean difference (95% CI) p value Effect size
Baseline—24 h       
Unchanged vs Improved − 2.05 (− 3.55, − 0.55) 0.008 0.72 (0.19,1.24) − 0.96 (1.99,0.07) 0.066 0.49 (− 0.33,0.10)
Unchanged vs worsened − 0.76 (− 1.97, 1.82) 0.937 − 0.26 (− 0.66, 0.61) 0.50 (− 0.61,1.60) 0.371 0.30 (− 0.35, 0.94)
Improve vs worsened 1.98 (− 0.20, 4.16) 0.074 0.66 (− 0.64, 1.38) 1.46 (− 0.01, 2.94) 0.052 0.72 (− 0.01, 1.44)
24–48 h       
Unchanged vs Improved 0.41 (− 1.59, 1.67) 0.961 0.01 (− 0.52, 0.55) − 0.14 (− 1.1, 0.82) 0.767 − 0.08 (− 0.61, 0.45)
Unchanged vs worsened 2.41 (0.30, 4.53) 0.026 0.84 (0.99, 1.58) 0.69 (− 0.50, 1.88) 0.025 0.43 (− 0.30, 1.15)
Improve vs worsened 2.37 (− 0.61, 5.36) 0.115 0.65 (− 0.16, 1.45) 0.833 (− 0.33, 1.00) 0.235 0.49 (− 0.31, 1.28)
Baseline—48 h       
Unchanged vs Improved − 0.67 (− 2.52, 1.19) 0.475 − 0.18 (− 0.68, 0.32) − 0.52 (− 1.61, 0.57) 0.343 − 0.24 (− 0.75, 0.26)
Unchanged vs worsened − 0.44 (− 2.56, 1.69) 0.681 − 0.12 (− 0.69, 0.45) − 0.64 (− 1.84, 0.56) 0.288 − 0.31 (− 0.89, 0.26)
Improve vs worsened 0.34 (− 2.45, 3.14) 0.804 0.09 (− 0.63, 0.81) 0.58 (− 0.97, 2.13) 0.453 0.28 (− 0.45,0.10)
  1. Calculated using EQ-5D-Y-3L/5L level sum scores (LSS), a higher score indicates a worse health state