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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample (N = 561), and comparison between the 426 women and 125 men

From: Stress, pain, and work affiliation are strongly associated with health-related quality of life in parents of 14–15-year-old adolescents

Demographic All
N = 561
Mothers
N = 426
Fathers
N = 125
P value
Age, years mean (SD) 45 (5) 45 (5) 47 (5) < 0.001
Living condition     0.261
Married/cohabitating 457 (81%) 353 (81%) 104 (83%)  
Single 33 (6%) 30 (7%) 3 (2%)  
Divorced or separated 65 (12%) 49 (11%) 16 (13%)  
Widowed 6 (1%) 4 (1%) 2 (2%)  
Education     0.615
Compulsory education 4 (1%) 3 (1%) 1 (1%)  
Post-compulsory 1–3 years 22 (4%) 16 (4%) 6 (5%)  
Post-compulsory 3 years 50 (9%) 43 (10%) 7 (6%)  
Certificate of apprenticeship 61 (11%) 46 (11%) 15 (12%)  
University < 4 years 141 (25%) 105 (24%) 36 (29%)  
University ≥ 4 years 283 (50%) 223 (51%) 60 (48%)  
Employment status     < 0.001
Full time 414 (74%) 304 (70%) 110 (88%)  
Part-time 105 (19%) 95 (22%) 10 (8%)  
Not working 42 (7%) 37 (8%) 5 (4%)  
Absence from work last 3 months     0.261
None 372 (66%) 280 (64%) 92 (74%)  
1–4 days 124 (22%) 100 (23%) 24 (19%)  
5–7 days 17 (3%) 14 (3%) 3 (2%)  
8–10 days 5 (1%) 5 (1%) 0  
More than 10 days 43 (8%) 37 (9%) 6 (5%)  
Household income (NOK)     0.001
< 250,000 5 (1%) 4 (1%) 1 (1%)  
250,000–450,000 43 (8%) 39 (9%) 4 (3%)  
451,000–750,000 96 (17%) 78 (18%) 18 (14%)  
751,000–1,000,000 129 (23%) 112 (26%) 17 (14%)  
> 1,000,000 288 (51%) 213 (46%) 85 (68%)  
  1. Categorical data are presented as number (%) and continuous variables as mean (SD). Chi-square tests were used to compare differences in categorical variables and independent t tests for continuous data