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Table 3 Group differences on ED and HRQoL scales and subscales

From: Emotional dysregulation and health related quality of life in young adults with ADHD: a cross sectional study

  ADHD Control F η2
M (SD) M (SD)
DERS
Non acceptance 14.52 (5.99) 11.20 (3.96) 14.103*** .113
Goals 16.22 (4.47) 12.35 (3.44) 34.972*** .249
Impulse 12.05 (5.73) 9.16 (3.09) 15.476*** .122
Awareness 15.59 (4.41) 13.88 (3.92) 4.378** .033
Strategies 18.52 (7.61) 13.94 (4.66) 19.577*** .133
Clarity 11.37 (4.60) 9.47 (3.01) 8.981** .066
Total 89.28 (26.30) 69.38 (14.06) 29.78*** .190
WRAADDS ED
Temper control 1.23 (1.16) 0.45 (0.68) 23.289*** .155
Affective lability 2.07 (0.92) 1.07 (0.57) 60.947*** .324
Over reactivity 1.79 (1.21) 0.99 (0.79) 22.368*** .150
Total sum 19.22 (10.62) 9.28 (6.05) 44.05*** .258
1.75 (0.97) 0.84 (0.55)
HRQoL
Life productivity 55.18 (18.92) 76.75 (13.94) 52.201*** .288
Life outlook 60.87 (17.06) 68.94 (13.93) 7.267** .053
Psychological health 56.26 (23.65) 69.38 (17.40) 15.225*** .106
Relationships 63.97 (19.60) 75.15 (13.28) 13.926*** .097
Total 58.38 (16.18) 73.30 (15.70) 37.21*** .227
  1. M = mean; SD = standard deviation; DERS = Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale total score; WRAADDS ED = Emotional Dysregulation subscales derived from the Wender–Reimherr Adult Attention Deficit Disorder Rating Scale; HRQoL = The adult ADHD quality of life questionnaire total score
  2. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001