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Table 4 Difference in mean in the domains of the Short form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36)

From: Dizziness and health-related quality of life among older adults in an urban population: a cross-sectional study

  Physical functioning Role physical Bodily pain General health Vitality Social functioning Role emotional Mental health
Dizziness, unadjusted         
Mean − 12.4 − 15.1 − 15.5 − 11 − 12.3 − 8.5 − 9.1 − 6.3
CIa − 8.1, − 16.8 − 7.5, − 22.7 − 10.7, − 20.3 − 7.3, − 14.6 − 8.2, − 16.4 − 4.3, − 12.7 − 2.0, − 12.7 − 2.8, − 9.7
p value  < 0.0001 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001  < 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.0004
Dizziness, adjusted*         
Mean − 6 − 7.4 − 8.2 − 4.2 − 6.4 − 4.9 − 5.4 − 2.7
CI − 10.3, − 1.6 − 15.5, − 0.7 − 12.6, − 3.6 − 7.6, − 0.5 − 10.4, − 2.4 − 9.3, − 0.5 − 13, − 2.1 − 6.0, − 0.7
p value 0.007 0.07 0.0005 0.02 0.002 0.03 0.2 0.1
  1. Difference in mean in the domains of the Short form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36) measuring health-related quality of life between dizzy and no dizzy participants, unadjusted and adjusted* values
  2. aCI confidence interval
  3. *Adjusted for sex, sense of coherence (SOC)-13 total score, diabetes, hypertension, hypothyroidism, lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, chronic bronchitis), heart disease, stroke/transient ischemic attack, vision impairment, hearing impairment, joint problems and sum of seven diseases in a linear regression