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Table 4 Mean health-related quality of life scores based on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) outcomes in men and women

From: Health-related quality of life in men and women who experienced cardiovascular diseases: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

  Men (n = 3232) P value Women (n = 3777) P value
Without CVDs With CVDs Without CVDs With CVDs
 Physical function 84.1 ± 1.9 78.3 ± 2.2 < 0.001 78.7 ± 1.2 75.0 ± 2.3 0.084
 Role physical 83.3 ± 1.8 78.1 ± 2.1 < 0.001 73.4 ± 1.1 68.0 ± 2.1 0.003
 Bodily pain 85.2 ± 2.0 83.2 ± 2.2 0.146 74.8 ± 1.1 72.4 ± 2.2 0.263
 General health 45.4 ± 2.0 41.0 ± 2.3 0.003 43.2 ± 1.0 39.5 ± 1.9 0.033
PCS 48.5 ± 0.7 46.6 ± 0.8 < 0.001 47.2 ± 0.4 45.9 ± 0.7 0.058
 Vitality 69.8 ± 2.3 64.3 ± 2.6 0.001 60.6 ± 1.2 52.9 ± 2.3 < 0.001
 Social function 84.2 ± 2.2 83.6 ± 2.5 0.706 75.6 ± 1.3 69.3 ± 2.4 0.006
 Role emotional 79.2 ± 2.0 76.4 ± 2.2 0.014 68.5 ± 1.1 64.4 ± 2.1 0.040
 Mental health 75.4 ± 2.0 74.6 ± 2.2 0.575 62.3 ± 1.0 58.5 ± 2.0 0.045
MCS 51.0 ± 0.9 50.4 ± 1.1 0.349 45.2 ± 0.5 42.8 ± 1.0 0.009
  1. Adjusted mean and standard error have been reported (Adjustments in men: age, level of education, job status, marital status, physical activity and diabetes, hypertension, cancer and chronic kidney diseases, and in women: age, level of education, job status, marital status, physical activity, smoking, body mass index and diabetes, hypertension and chronic kidney diseases)
  2. PCS physical component summary, MCS mental component summary