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Table 1 Description of study population

From: Adaptation and psychometric validation of Diabetes Health Profile (DHP-18) in patients with type 2 diabetes in Quito, Ecuador: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total
n: 146 (%)
Re-test
n:75 (%)
p valor
Age
Mean (SD) 56.8 (11.3) 57.5 (10.3) 0.467
Sex
Female 85 (58.2) 41 (54.7) 0.404
Male 61 (41.8) 34 (45.3)  
Ethnicity
Mestizo 117 (80.1) 59 (78.7) 0.683
Other minorities 29 (19.9) 16 (21.3)  
Civil status
Married/cohabitant 99 (67.8) 55 (73.4) 0.127
Separated/divorced 18 (12.3) 10 (13.3)  
Single/widow-widower 29 (19.9) 10 (13.3)  
Educational level
No formal schooling 10 (6.8) 3 (4.0) 0.561
Basic education 73 (50.0) 38 (50.7)  
High school and non-university higher education 47 (32.2) 25 (33.3)  
University studies 16 (11.0) 9 (12.0)  
BMI
18.5–24.9 kg/m2 28 (23.3) 12 (18.7) 0.159
25.0–29.9 kg/m2 45 (37.5) 22 (34.4)  
 ≥ 30 kg/m2 47 (39.2) 30 (46.9)  
Not reported 26 11  
Time since diagnosis with diabetes
 <  = 5 years 54 (37.0) 28 (37.3) 0.245
6–10 years 45 (30.8) 27 (36.0)  
 > 10 years 47 (32.2) 20 (26.7)  
Diabetes complications
At least one 31 (21.2) 16 (21.3) 0.976
Macrovascular complication* 5 (3.4) 3 (4.0) 0.694
Microvascular complication 28 (19.2) 14 (18.7) 0.872
 Ocular 23 (15.8) 11 (7.5) 0.965
 Renal 7 (4.8) 3 (2.1) 0.802
 Neuropathy 2 (1.4) 0  
 Diabetic foot 2 (1.4) 1 (0.7) 0.941
Comorbidities
At least one 84 (57.5) 44 (58.7) 0.776
Hypertension 65 (44.5) 37 (49.3) 0.229
Depression 7 (4.8) 2 (2.7) 0.266
Dyslipidemia 8 (5.5) 4 (5.3) 0.879
Other comorbilidities 10 (6.8) 2 (2.7) 0.051
  1. NA Not available
  2. *Includes: Ischemic Heart Disease, Cerebrovascular Disease, Heart Failure