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Table 4 Association of HRQoL, physical component summary (PCS-12) and mental component summary (MCS-12), with demographics, clinical characteristics and medication adherence in IHD patients

From: Association of health literacy and medication adherence with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with ischemic heart disease

Characteristics PCS-12, n = 251 p values MCS-12, n = 251 p values
Improving (≥ 50), n = 19 Not improving (< 50) n = 232 Binary logistic Improving (≥ 50), n = 82 Not improving (< 50) n = 169 Binary logistic
OR (CI) OR (CI)
Age    1.1 (0.34–18.4) 0.91    2.2 (1.1–4.94) 0.034*
< 65 16 170    57 129   
> 65 3 62    25 40   
Gender    1.6 (0.37–6.7) 0.544    1.7 (0.87–3.3) 0.120
Male 16 141    61 96   
Female 3 91    21 73   
Education         
No—primary 8 171    51 128   
Secondary—higher 11 61 3.5 (0.93–13.1) 0.063 31 41 1.6 (0.75–3.7) 0.208
Employment status         
Employed 12 49 6.4 (1.8–22.5) 0.004* 32 29 3 (1.5–6.2) 0.002*
Unemployed 7 183    50 140   
Time since first episode (years)        0.59 (0.28–1.3) 0.184
≤ 5 18 174 0.14 (0.016–1.25) 0.079 68 124   
> 5 1 58    14 45   
History of re-vascularization         
Yes 7 74 0.69 (0.19–2.5) 0.567 36 45 1.72 (0.91–3.3) 0.098
No 12 158    46 124   
Type of ischemic condition    1.8 (0.46–7.1) 0.402    0.61 (0.27–1.4) 0.221
Angina 5 47    18 34   
Myocardial infarction 14 185    64 135   
No. of CVD risk factors         
0–1 9 73 1.4 (0.38–5.2) 0.607 26 56 0.83 (0.38–1.8) 0.639
2 5 80 0.77 (0.18–3.24) 0.717 32 53 1.6 (0.73–3.3) 0.256
≥ 3 5 79    24 60   
Medication adherence    3.2 (0.49–20.1) 0.225    4 (1.6–10.3) 0.004*
Adherent 17 182    74 125   
Non-adherent 2 50    8 44   
  1. OR odds ratio, CVD cardiovascular disease, CI confidence interval
  2. *p ≤ 0.05–0.002, **≤ 0.001–0.0001