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Table 5 Comparison of Urdu version of WHOQOL-HIV Bref domain scores between participants with asymptomatic and symptomatic HIV status

From: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of WHOQOL-HIV Bref among people living with HIV/AIDS in Pakistan

Domain Asymptomatic
n = 148
Mean and SD
Symptomatic
n = 34
Mean and SD
Mean difference (95% CI) p value
Physical 16.71 (1.95) 10.94 (2.98) 5.77 (4.95–6.59) < 0.001
Psychological 16.19 (1.85) 11.58 (2.51) 4.60 (3.68–5.52) < 0.001
Independence 8.26 (1.50) 7.11 (1.47) 1.14 (0.57–1.70) < 0.001
Social relationships 12.83 (1.58) 10.24 (1.48) 2.60 (2.01–3.18) < 0.001
Environment 9.26 (2.07) 8.00 (2.17) 1.26 (0.47–2.04) < 0.001
Spirituality 10.8541 (1.49931) 7.7176 (1.76) 3.13 (2.55–3.72) 0.002
  1. All significant with p < 0.05