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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and reported health problem of HIV/AIDS patients, TASH, Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 511)

From: Health-related quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Ethiopia

Patient characteristics Total number of participant n (%) Reported health problem in EQ-5D health dimensions
Mobility
n (%)
Self-care
n (%)
Usual activity
n (%)
Pain/Discomfort
n (%)
Anxiety/Depression
n (%)
Gender
Male 202 (39.5) 33 (16.3) 20 (9.9) 41 (20.3) 99 (49.0) 112 (55.4)
Female 309 (60.5) 52 (16.8) 21 (6.8) 58 (18.8) 163 (58.2) 170 (55.0)
Age (in years)
18–29 63 (12.3) 4 (6.3) 3 (4.8) 11 (17.5) 38 (60.3) 45 (71.4)
30–39 141 (27.6) 21 (14.9) 7 (5.0) 20 (14.2) 63 (44.7) 70 (49.6)
40–49 184 (36) 28 (15.2) 13 (7.1) 34(18.5) 94 (51.1) 94 (51.1)
50–59 77 (15.1) 19 (24.7) 9 (11.7) 17 (22.1) 34 (44.2) 41 (53.2)
 > 60 46 (9.0) 13 (28.3) 9 (19.6) 17 (37.0) 33 (71.7) 32 (69.6)
Marital status
Unmarried 121 (23.7) 17(14.0) 5 (4.1) 24 (19.8) 63 (52.1) 73 (60.3)
Married 278 (54.4) 233 (83.8) 25 (9.0) 48 (17.3) 132 (47.5) 141 (50.7)
Divorced 47 (9.2) 6 (12.8) 2 (4.3) 11 (23,4) 26 (55.3) 24 (51.1)
Widowed 65 (12.7) 17 (26.2) 9 (13.8) 16 (24.6) 41 (63.1) 44 (67.7)
Education
No formal education 61 (12.0) 9 (14.8) 5 (8.2) 11 (18.0) 39 (63.9) 36 (59.0)
Grade(1–4) 88 (17.2) 14 (15.9) 9 (10.2) 23 (26.1) 44 (50.0) 53 (60.2)
Grade (5–8) 133 (26.0) 23 (17.3) 17(12.8) 30 (22.6) 70 (52.6) 73 (54.9)
High school 132 (25.8) 29 (22.0) 5 (3.8) 20 (15.2) 66 (50.0) 71 (53.8)
TVET/Diploma 61 (12.0) 6 (9.8) 4 (6.6) 10 (16.4) 29 (47.5) 35 (57.4)
1st degree and above 36 (7.0) 4 (11.1) 1 (2.8) 5 (13.9) 14 (38.9) 14 (38.9)
Occupation
Employed 92 (18.1) 17 (18.5) 8 (8.7) 11 (12.0) 43 (46.7) 45 (48.9)
Private business 265 (52.1) 33 (12.5) 14 (5.3) 49 (18.5) 132 (49.8) 142 (53.6)
Pensioner 13 (2.6) 5 (38.5) 4 (30.8) 7 (53.8) 11 (84.6) 11 (84.6)
Student 17 (3.3) 1 (5.9) 2 (11.8) 11 (64.7) 13 (76.5)
Housewife 97 (19.1) 19 (19.6) 10 (10.3) 19 (19.6) 46 (47.4) 54 (55.7)
Others* 25 (4.9) 9 (36.0) 5(20.0) 10 (40.0) 17 (68.0) 15 (60.0)
Income
 < 1700 ETB 164 (33.7) 34 (20.7) 15 (9.1) 38 (23.2) 92 (56.1) 95 (57.9)
1700–5000 ETB 222 (45.6) 33 (14.9) 15 (6.8) 44 (19.8) 123 (55.4) 135 (60.8)
 > 5000 ETB 101 (20.7) 11 (10.9) 8 (7.9) 11 (10.9) 38 (37.6) 42 (41.6)
Smoking habit
Daily 2 (0.4) 1 (50.0)
Occasionally 13 (2.5) 1 (7.7) 4 (30.8) 8 (61.5) 9 (69.2)
Not at all 496 (97.1) 84 (16.9) 41 (8.3) 95 (19.2) 254 (51.2) 272 (54.8)
Alcohol taking habit
Never 395 (77.3) 71(18) 35 (8.9) 80 (20.3) 202 (51.1) 211 (53.4)
Monthly or less 87 (17) 10 (11.5) 4 (4.6) 14 (16.1) 47 (54) 53 (60.9)
2–4 times a month 24 (4.7) 2 (8.3) 1 (4.2) 3 (12.5) 11 (45.8) 15 (62.5)
2–3 times a week 5 (1.0) 2 (40.0) 1 (20.0) 2 (40.0) 2 (40.0) 3 (60.0)
Disclosure
Yes 502 (98.2) 80 (15.9) 40 (8.0) 96 (19.1) 256 (51.0) 277 (55.2)
No 9 (1.8) 5 (55.6) 1 (11.1) 3 (33.3) 6 (66.7) 5 (55.6)
  1. TVET, Technical and Vocational Education and Training
  2. *Others: Seasonal and unemployed