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Table 3 Results from the hierarchical regression analyses

From: Effects of social support, hope and resilience on depressive symptoms within 18 months after diagnosis of prostate cancer

Variables Step1(β) Step2(β) Step3(β)
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Covariates      
 Age 0.035 0.031 0.039 0.034 0.037
 Education1 0.196*** 0.104* 0.097* 0.049 0.045
 Education2 0.172** 0.103* 0.107* 0.044 0.046
 Time since diagnosis − 0.027 0.023 0.028 0.021 0.026
 Cancer stage 0.106* 0.064 0.063 0.054 0.055
Social support      
 Perceived social support   − 0.377***   − 0.168***  
 Perceived social support-others    
 Perceived social support-family    − 0.387***   − 0.183***
 Perceived social support-friend    
Psychological resource      
 Hope     − 0.176*** − 0.175***
 Resilience     − 0.270*** − 0.264***
F 4.247*** 17.064*** 17.681*** 24.648*** 25.229***
R2 0.044 0.177 0.182 0.286 0.291
Adj.R2 0.033 0.166 0.172 0.275 0.279
R2-changes 0.044 0.133 0.138 0.109 0.109
  1. β = standardized regression coefficient; Education1 = Middle school or below vs. Junior college or above; Education2 = High school vs. Junior college or above; Adj.R2 = adjusted R2
  2. There were two models (Model 1 and Model 2) in Step 2. Perceived social support (total score) was added in Model 1, and its components were added in Model 2 adjusted by the stepwise regression due to the high correlations among the MSPSS subscales
  3. *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001