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Table 3 Summary results of Meta-analysis for each domain of WHO-QoL-BREF

From: Heath related quality of life and associated factors among diabetes patients in sub-Saharan countries: a systemic review and meta-analysis

Pooled mean/factors Domains of WHO-QoL-BREF Pooled mean/β with 95% CI Egger's test I-square (%) Model
Pooled mean Physical health 43.12 (29.10, 57.28) 0.048 99.8% Random effects model
Psychological health 47.40 (30.54, 64.25) 0.190 99.9% Random effects model
Social relation 46.60 (19.48, 73.71) 0.005 99.9% Random effects model
Environmental health 45.59 (36.31, 54.87) 0.083 99.7% Random effects model
Age Physical health − 0.47(− 0.66,− 0.29) 0.01% Fixed effects model
Psychological health − 0.24 (− 0.36, − 0.13) 76.9% Random effects model
Social relation − 0.32 (− 0.44, − 0.20) 87.8% Random effects model
Environmental health − 0.03 (− 0.04, − 0.01) 78.6% Random effects model
Residence
 Urban Environmental health Ref Ref Fixed effects model
 Rural   − 3.31 (− 5.15,− 1.47) 0.01%  
FBS Physical health − 0.08 (− 0.11, − 0.05) 0.01% Fixed effects model
Psychological health − 0.08 (− 0.128, − 0.032) 68.8% Random effects model
Environmental health − 0.004 (− 0.006,− 0.002) 87.9% Random effects model
DRC
 No Physical health Ref Ref Fixed effects model
 Yes   − 6.25(− 8.32, − 4.18) 45.6%  
Co-morbidity
 No Physical heath Ref Ref Fixed effects model
 Yes   − 5.65 (− 7.90, − 3.40) 0.01%  
  1. DRC, diabetic related complication; FBS, fasting blood sugar; Ref, reference
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