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Table 2 Health-related quality of life in different levels of physical activity and sedentary time among all study population (n = 1546)

From: The association between physical activity, sedentary time and health-related quality of life in cancer survivors

Scales Physical activity Sedentary time
Mean (SD) Adjusted mean difference of scores (95% CI) Mean (SD) Adjusted mean difference of scores (95% CI)
Low (n = 240) Moderate (n = 404) Pa High (n = 902) Pa < 4 h/d (n = 855) 4–6 h/d (n = 491) Pa ≥ 6 h/d (n = 200) Pa
EORTC QLQ-C30
 Physical function 78.96 ± 18.88 1.69(− 0.78, 4.16) 0.179 4.24(2.03, 6.45)  < 0.001 82.84 ± 14.95 − 2.15(− 3.71, − 0.59) 0.007 − 5.84(− 9.68, −2.00) 0.003
 Role function 91.78 ± 16.45 1.13(− 1.38, 3.63) 0.378 2.93(0.69, 5.17) 0.011 94.15 ± 14.07 − 0.79(− 2.38, 0.80) 0.329 − 3.51(− 7.40, 0.38) 0.077
 Emotional function 82.64 ± 19.01 1.16(− 1.68, 4.00) 0.423 3.43(0.88, 5.97) 0.008 85.02 ± 17.20 − 0.13(− 1.95, 1.69) 0.887 − 1.75(− 6.26, 2.75) 0.445
 Cognitive function 79.18 ± 19.46 − 0.02(− 3.17, 3.14) 0.992 0.94(− 1.90, 3.77) 0.517 79.84 ± 20.02 − 0.27(− 2.29, 1.75) 0.790 − 1.70(− 6.70, 3.31) 0.506
 Social function 78.52 ± 22.88 2.09(− 1.75, 5.92) 0.286 2.68(− 0.76, 6.12) 0.127 81.31 ± 23.37 − 1.91(− 4.36, 0.54) 0.126 − 5.39(− 11.43, 0.65) 0.080
 Global health/QoL 70.64 ± 25.28 0.14(− 3.71, 3.98) 0.945 2.22(− 1.22, 5.67) 0.206 72.60 ± 23.33 − 4.12(− 6.56, −1.67) 0.001 − 3.21(− 9.24, 2.82) 0.297
 Fatigue 26.94 ± 21.16 0.70(− 2.71, 4.12) 0.686 − 0.83(− 3.89, 2.22) 0.594 26.83 ± 21.28 2.06(− 0.11, 4.24) 0.063 6.58(1.21, 11.96) 0.016
 Nausea and vomiting 5.60 ± 14.84 − 2.95(− 4.54, −1.36)  < 0.001 − 2.83(− 4.26, −1.41)  < 0.001 2.79 ± 9.61 0.35(− 0.67, 1.36) 0.504 − 0.75(− 3.25, 1.76) 0.560
 Pain 14.43 ± 19.27 1.21(− 1.90, 4.31) 0.446 − 0.43(− 3.22, 2.35) 0.761 14.12 ± 18.46 1.29(− 0.68, 3.26) 0.200 6.07(1.23, 10.90) 0.014
 Dyspnoea 15.69 ± 21.21 − 0.03(− 3.51, 3.45) 0.987 − 2.40(− 5.53, 0.72) 0.132 13.88 ± 21.05 1.18(− 1.03, 3.40) 0.295 3.59(− 1.89, 9.07) 0.199
 Insomnia 24.59 ± 28.83 1.87(− 2.73, 6.47) 0.425 − 2.42(− 6.55, 1.71) 0.250 22.19 ± 27.24 3.83(0.88, 6.78) 0.011 8.39(1.12, 15.66) 0.024
 Appetite loss 11.06 ± 20.68 − 3.01(− 5.94, −0.07) 0.045 − 3.89(− 6.52, −1.25) 0.004 7.16 ± 16.98 1.72(− 0.14, 3.58) 0.070 0.63(− 3.99, 5.24) 0.789
 Constipation 8.52 ± 18.85 3.23(− 0.04, 6.50) 0.053 0.28(− 2.65, 3.22) 0.850 8.88 ± 18.30 2.02(− 0.05, 4.09) 0.056 0.04(− 5.05, 5.13) 0.988
 Diarrhea 10.86 ± 19.87 0.08(− 3.07, 3.24) 0.958 − 2.12(− 4.95, 0.70) 0.141 9.69 ± 18.10 0.32(− 1.69, 2.33) 0.755 0.42(− 4.52, 5.35) 0.868
 Financial difficulties 31.52 ± 31.41 − 1.09(− 6.32, 4.14) 0.682 − 0.27(− 4.43, 4.98) 0.910 29.76 ± 32.07 3.32(− 0.01, 6.65) 0.051 4.56(− 3.69, 12.80) 0.279
  1. Italic face P < 0.05
  2. aAdjusted for gender, age, BMI, education, marital status, household per capita income, time since diagnosis, recurrence, metastasis, and number of comorbidity