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Table 3 Factor loadings for the Short HIV Stigma scale in the base and DIF corrected models and influence of group on the overall estimates of latent factor scores: analysis 1 includes Grindr and social media samples and analysis 2 includes Hornet and social media samples

From: Translation and validation of the Short HIV Stigma scale in Brazilian Portuguese

Short HIV stigma items Analysis 1: Grindr and social media samples Analysis 2: Hornet and social media samples
Base model DIF corrected Base model DIF corrected
Personalized stigma
 People I care about stopped calling after learning I have HIV 0.896 0.896 0.854 0.854
 I have lost friends by telling them I have HIV 0.883 0.883 0.901 0.901
 Some people avoid touching me once they know I have HIV 0.853 0.853 0.860 0.860
Disclosure concerns
 I work hard to keep my HIV a secret 0.945 0.945 0.900 0.900
 Telling someone I have HIV is risky 0.946 0.946 0.955 0.955
 I am very careful who I tell that I have HIV 0.908 0.908 0.861 0.861
Concerns about public attitudes
 Most people believe a person who has HIV is dirty 0.839 0.839 0.839 0.839
 People with HIV are treated like outcasts 0.614 0.614 0.732 0.732
 Most people are uncomfortable around someone with HIV 0.745 0.745 0.813 0.813
Negative self-image
 I feel guilty because I have HIV 0.529 0.503 0.677 0.673
 People’s attitudes about HIV make me feel worse about myself 0.891 0.895 0.872 0.872
 I feel I’m not as good a person as others because I have HIV 0.662 0.660 0.670 0.670
Structural effect of group on latent factora
 Personalized stigma  − 0.020  − 0.020  − 0.145  − 0.145
 Disclosure concerns 0.969 0.969 0.647 0.647
 Concerns about public attitudes 0.487 0.487 0.243 0.243
 Negative self-image 0.252 0.194 0.180 0.120
Direct effect on item attributable to group
 I feel guilty because I have HIV (item 10)   0.298   0.219
  1. aSocial Media group is reference
  2. Italics indicate p value < 0.01