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Table 7 Descriptive statistics: reported level of problem by dimensions in EQ-5D-3L

From: Measurement properties of EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L in recording self-reported health status in older patients with substantial multimorbidity and polypharmacy

Dimension 6 months n (%) % 12 months n (%) % p value*
Mobility
 No problems 114 50.8 112 50.0 0.74
 Some problems 107 47.7 106 47.3  
 Confined to bed 3 1.3 6 2.7  
 ANY problem 110 49.0 112 50.0  
Self-care
 No problems 189 84.3 183 81.7 0.45
 Some problems 26 11.6 31 13.8  
 Unable to wash/dress 9 4.0 10 4.4  
 ANY problem 35 15.6 41 18.2  
Usual activities
 No problems 163 72.7 152 67.8 0.21
 Some problems 57 25.4 63 28.1  
 Unable to perform 4 1.7 9 4.0  
 ANY problem 61 27.1 72 32.1  
Pain/discomfort
 No pain/discomfort 113 50.4 122 54.4 0.38
 Moderate pain/discomfort 97 43.3 90 40.1  
 Extreme pain/discomfort 14 6.2 12 5.3  
 ANY problem 111 49.5 102 45.4  
Anxiety/depression
 Not anxious or depressed 187 83.4 182 81.2 0.54
 Moderately anxious/depressed 33 14.7 38 16.9  
 Extremely anxious/depressed 4 1.7 4 1.7  
 ANY problem 37 16.4 42 18.6  
 No problem on all dimensions 66 29.4 66 29.4  
  1. *Non-parametric test for trend across ordered groups developed by Cuzick [47]. We used this to test for differences between 6 and 12 months in responses for each EQ-5D-3L item
  2. **At 12 months, 224 participants self-reported the EQ-5D-3L in full; 19 provided no response to 3L; 13 had 3L proxy reported by next of kin
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