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Table 2 Characteristics of the study population

From: The modifying role of physical activity in the cross-sectional and longitudinal association of health-related quality of life with physiological functioning-based latent classes and metabolic syndrome

Variable SAPALDIA3 (n = 902) SAPALDIA4 (n = 1124) Mean score of overall HRQoL (General Health) at SAPALDIA4
Sex
 Male 469 (52%) 561 (50%) 70.4
 Female 433 (48%) 563 (50%) 72.4
Age (Mean, SD) 60.0 ± 7.8 67.4 ± 7.9 71.4
Education
 Low 22 (2%) 59 (5%) 69.4
 Middle 541 (60%) 705 (63%) 71.5
 High 339 (38%) 360 (32%) 71.5
Physiological functioning
 BMI
  Low (< 18.5) 9 (1%) 11 (1%) 73.8
  Normal (20- < 25) 412 (46%) 467 (42%) 72.4
  Overweight (≥25–30) 352 (39%) 449 (40%) 71.8
  Obese (> 30) 129 (14%) 197 (18%) 68.0
 Body Fat (%)
  Low 302 (33%) 375 (33%) 73.2
  Intermediate 300 (33%) 375 (33%) 72.1
  High 300 (33%) 374 (33%) 68.5
 Triglycerides
  Normal 548 (61%) 668 (59%) 72.3
  Borderline 89 (10%) 127 (11%) 71.8
  High 265 (29%) 329 (29%) 69.4
 Glycemia (HbA1c)
  Desirable 819 (91%) 775 (69%) 72.2
  Borderline 69 (8%) 297 (26%) 70.3
  High 14 (33%) 52 (5%) 65.5
 Blood pressure (systolic)
  Normal 421 /47%) 446 (40%) 72.4
  Elevated 182 (20%) 236 (21%) 70.6
  Hypertensive 299 (33%) 442 (39%) 70.9
Physical Activity Guidelines (WHO)
 Inactive 187 (21%) 352 (31%) 67.4
 Sufficiently active 715 (79%) 772 (69%) 73.3
 Prevalence of the MetS 287 (32%) 499 (44%)  
  1. Education: Low = Primary School (≤ 9 years), Middle = Secondary school, middle school or apprenticeship (≤12 years), High = Technical College or University (≥12 years)
  2. Physical Activity Guidelines (WHO)
  3. Inactive: < 150 min of MPA and < 75 VPA per week
  4. Sufficient: > 150 min of MPA or > 75 VPA per week
  5. HbA1c (%):< 5.7 (desirable), 5.7–6.5(borderline), > 6.5 (high)
  6. Triglycerides (mmol/l): < 1.7 (desirable), 1.7–2.0 (borderline), > 2.0 (high)
  7. Percentage Body fat (%): Male: 10–26 (low), 26–31 (intermediate), > 31 (high)
  8. Female: 9–36(low), 36–40 (intermediate), > 40 (high)
  9. Systolic blood pressure: 120–129 (normal), 130–139 (elevated), ≥140 (hypertensive)
  10. MetS = Metabolic Syndrome: Any three of the following values: Blood glucose ≥5.6 mmol/L (Hba1C ≥5.7 in SAPALDIA4); waist circumference ≥ 94 cm in men & ≥80 cm in women; systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85; hdl < 1.0 mmol/L in men & < 1.3 mmol/L in women; triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/L