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Table 1 The selected population characteristics of the community residents living in a central city area (CUA) and a developing neighbourhood (DN)

From: Health-related quality of life and determinants in North-China urban community residents

  CUA (n = 3105) DN (n = 2776) P
Age, years 48.8 ± 12.6 49.3 ± 13.1 0.136
Females: n (%) 1847 (59.5) 1693(61.0) 0.240
Education level, n (%)    <0.001
 Tertiary or higher 975 (31.4) 264(9.5)  
 Secondary or high school 1832 (59.0) 1810 (65.2)  
 Primary or lower 298 (9.6) 702(25.3)  
Marriage status, n (%)    0.292
 Single 624 (20.1) 591 (21.3)  
 Married or cohabiting 2195 (70.7) 1954 (70.4)  
 Divorced or widow/widower 286 (9.2) 230 (8.3)  
Employment status, n (%)    <0.001
 Student 171 (5.5) 144 (5.2)  
 Un-employed or housekeeper 807 (26.0) 1108 (39.9)  
 Employed 1267 (40.8) 994 (35.8)  
 Retired 860 (27.7) 530 (19.1)  
Income, n (%)    <0.001
 Low 730 (23.5) 836 (30.1)  
 Middle 1882 (60.6) 1549 (55.8)  
 High 494 (15.9) 391 (14.1)  
Insurance, n (%)
 No 180 (5.8) 169 (6.1) 0.638
 Yes 2925 (94.2) 2607 (93.9)  
Smoking, n (%)    0.109
 No 2270 (73.1) 2088 (75.2)  
 Sometimes 317 (10.2) 244 (8.8)  
 Everyday 519 (17.7) 444 (16.0)  
Drinking, n (%)    0.290
 No 2192 (70.6) 2007 (72.3)  
 Sometimes 543 (17.5) 469 (16.9)  
 Often 370 (11.9) 300 (10.8)  
Chronic disease, n (%)    0.027
 No 1860 (59.9) 1741 (62.7)  
 Yes 1245 (40.1) 1035 (37.3)