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Table 3 Differences in uncertainty in illness and social support according to demographic and illness-related characteristics. (N = 148)

From: The mediating effect of social support on uncertainty in illness and quality of life of female cancer survivors: a cross-sectional study

VariableCategoryuncertainty in illnesssocial support
MeanSDt or F
(p- value)
MeanSDt or F
(p-value)
Age (years)Below 4077.5415.101.69666.2714.140.955
40–4978.6215.70(.174)64.8717.26(.416)
50–5984.6215.61 59.1318.83 
60 and over86.7115.08 61.4518.46 
Marital statusMarried66.7513.942.47972.4310.971.597
Single83.9115.52(.089)62.6317.07(.206)
Widowed or divorced82.6813.06 59.6117.92 
EducationLess than high school86.8713.874.04862.7317.19−0.207
University and higher75.1614.67(< .001)63.3716.43(.836)
ReligionNo82.0814.98−0.38762.7519.190.060
Yes83.2815.45(.699)62.5715.83(.952)
Having a jobNo86.4514.991.21362.2214.700.304
Loss of job84.2212.31(.301)65.1214.85(.738)
Yes81.1716.29 62.2018.85 
Satisfaction with economic statusSatisfaction a72.3815.573.76066.5613.885.151
Average b82.6514.68(.027)64.9415.80(.007)
Dissatisfaction c89.1015.95a < c54.0720.39b > c
Number of childrenNo or 181.0020.060.40862.1920.020.056
284.4513.24(.666)62.4916.89(.945)
3 and over82.3115.40 63.3814.49 
Smoking statusCurrent smoker96.8020.032.19548.6327.02−1.540
Non-smoker81.7714.70(.030)63.5016.29(.166)
Drinking statusCurrent drinker84.9516.301.30163.7818.000.591
Non-drinker81.0314.30(.196)62.0016.90(.556)
Type of cancerBreast cancer82.7115.94−0.14066.7714.091.911
Thyroid cancer83.1915.16(.889)60.8917.97(.058)
Stage of cancerEarly-stage cancer82.7614.26−0.49064.1313.660.241
Advanced stage cancer84.2816.28(.625)63.4318.44(.810)
Time since completion of cancer treatment (years)Less than 181.9515.411.03363.4515.864.292
1–587.1314.02(.360)65.0015.40(.015)
5 or more82.2217.36 49.2525.56a, b > c
  1. Note. SD Standard Deviation
  2. Post-Hoc test: Tukey’s test