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Table 7 LEIPAD ‘Social Functioning’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (adjacent categories models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

   Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
  Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%) OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Gender
 Male 30.5 Ref   Ref  
 Female 40.0 1.14 (0.81–1.60) 0.4590 0.61 (0.36–1.04) 0.0709
Age
 (years) 84.5 (3.3) b 1.05 (1.00–1.11) 0.0595 1.07 (1.00–1.14) 0.0439
Marital status
 Married or with a partner 32.4 Ref    
 Never-married, widowed, divorced 39.2 1.20 (0.85–1.70) 0.2996   
Educational level
 High school or higher education 30.8 Ref    
 Pre-high school 37.3 1.30 (0.86–1.97) 0.2168   
Driving a car
 Yes 27.8 Ref   Ref  
 No 47.8 1.57 (1.09–2.25) 0.0147 2.00 (1.14–3.51) 0.0155
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months
 Yes 31.7 Ref    
 No 37.8 1.09 (0.73–1.64) 0.6703   
Number of health problems 4.9 (1.8) b 1.14 (1.05–1.25) 0.0037   
Life events during the previous 12 months
Illness
  Yes 32.7 Ref    
  No 38.2 1.09 (0.75–1.59) 0.6444   
Poor health      
  No 29.1 Ref    
  Yes 57.8 1.92 (1.26–2.92) 0.0026   
Daily care of a relative or friend
  No 32.9 Ref    
  Yes 53.6 1.29 (0.80–2.08) 0.2996   
Bereavement
  No 31.1 Ref    
  Yes 53.8 1.34 (0.88–2.05) 0.1726   
Serious illness of a relative or friend
  No 34.4 Ref    
  Yes 40.8 1.06 (0.72–1.56) 0.7566   
Problems(s) with offspring
  No 31.9 Ref    
  Yes 59.3 1.79 (1.07–2.98) 0.0261   
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  No 32.9 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 90.0 5.28 (1.42–19.61) 0.0129 5.78 (1.46–22.91) 0.0126
Unsatisfactory environment
  No 32.3 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 84.6 3.67 (1.43–9.43) 0.0071 3.87 (1.45–10.35) 0.0070
Perceived modest income
  No 33.1 Ref    
  Yes 43.4 1.38 (0.94–2.03) 0.0985   
Financial worries
  No 35.7 Ref    
  Yes 41.2 1.11 (0.62–2.00) 0.7214   
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Social Functioning’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables, except for age and number of health problems which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type