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Table 4 LEIPAD ‘Self-Care’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (cumulative logit models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

  Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
 Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%)OR (95% CI)p-valueAOR (95% CI)p-value
 Male10.3Ref Ref 
 Female37.94.01 (2.18–7.38)< 0.00012.10 (0.82–5.38)0.1215
 (years)85.4 (3.8) b1.12 (1.05–1.19)0.00021.10 (0.98–1.23)0.1026
Marital status     
 Married or with a partner21.8Ref   
 Never-married, widowed, divorced29.61.61 (0.91–2.87)0.1033  
Educational level     
 High school or higher education13.2Ref   
 Pre-high school29.31.90 (0.93–3.89)0.0787  
Driving a car
 Yes8.7Ref Ref 
 No51.67.71 (4.03–14.78)< 0.00014.58 (1.82–11.48)0.0012
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months     
 Yes31.61.38 (0.70–2.71)0.3533  
Number of health problems5.5 (2.1) b0.58 (1.33–1.87)< 0.00011.37 (1.10–1.72)0.0057
Life events during the previous 12 months
  Yes34.72.17 (1.16–4.06)0.0159  
Poor health
  No12.3Ref Ref 
  Yes60.512.40 (5.83–26.38)< 0.000112.61 (5.15–30.88)< 0.0001
Daily care of a relative or friend
  Yes25.91.50 (0.69–3.25)0.3041  
  Yes27.01.24 (0.62–2.47)0.5493  
Serious illness of a relative or friend
  Yes24.40.76 (0.39–1.48)0.4185  
Problems(s) with offspring
  Yes36.02.36 (1.06–5.22)0.0350  
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  Yes60.06.17 (1.69–22.59)0.0060  
Unsatisfactory environment
  Yes33.32.37 (0.79–7.06)0.1230  
Perceived modest income     
  Yes36.52.61 (1.39–4.88)0.0028  
Financial worries
  Yes31.31.26 (0.48–3.31)0.6458  
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Self-Care’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables, except for age and number of health problems which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type