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Table 4 LEIPAD ‘Self-Care’ scale: ordinal logistic regressions (cumulative logit models)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

   Bivariate ordinal
logistic regression
Multivariate ordinal logistic regression a
  Prevalence of ‘poor’ HRQoL (%) OR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Gender
 Male 10.3 Ref   Ref  
 Female 37.9 4.01 (2.18–7.38) < 0.0001 2.10 (0.82–5.38) 0.1215
Age
 (years) 85.4 (3.8) b 1.12 (1.05–1.19) 0.0002 1.10 (0.98–1.23) 0.1026
Marital status      
 Married or with a partner 21.8 Ref    
 Never-married, widowed, divorced 29.6 1.61 (0.91–2.87) 0.1033   
Educational level      
 High school or higher education 13.2 Ref    
 Pre-high school 29.3 1.90 (0.93–3.89) 0.0787   
Driving a car
 Yes 8.7 Ref   Ref  
 No 51.6 7.71 (4.03–14.78) < 0.0001 4.58 (1.82–11.48) 0.0012
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months      
 No 24.6 Ref    
 Yes 31.6 1.38 (0.70–2.71) 0.3533   
Number of health problems 5.5 (2.1) b 0.58 (1.33–1.87) < 0.0001 1.37 (1.10–1.72) 0.0057
Life events during the previous 12 months
Illness
  No 21.8 Ref    
  Yes 34.7 2.17 (1.16–4.06) 0.0159   
Poor health
  No 12.3 Ref   Ref  
  Yes 60.5 12.40 (5.83–26.38) < 0.0001 12.61 (5.15–30.88) < 0.0001
Daily care of a relative or friend
  No 24.1 Ref    
  Yes 25.9 1.50 (0.69–3.25) 0.3041   
Bereavement
  No 23.6 Ref    
  Yes 27.0 1.24 (0.62–2.47) 0.5493   
Serious illness of a relative or friend
  No 24.4 Ref    
  Yes 24.4 0.76 (0.39–1.48) 0.4185   
Problems(s) with offspring
  No 22.3 Ref    
  Yes 36.0 2.36 (1.06–5.22) 0.0350   
Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives
  No 22.1 Ref    
  Yes 60.0 6.17 (1.69–22.59) 0.0060   
Unsatisfactory environment
  No 23.7 Ref    
  Yes 33.3 2.37 (0.79–7.06) 0.1230   
Perceived modest income      
  No 18.8 Ref    
  Yes 36.5 2.61 (1.39–4.88) 0.0028   
Financial worries
  No 23.6 Ref    
  Yes 31.3 1.26 (0.48–3.31) 0.6458   
  1. Ordinal logistic regressions: (1) LEIPAD ‘Self-Care’ categorized score (‘poor’, ‘average’ or ‘good’ HRQoL) was used as the dependent variable. (2) Independent variables were entered as categorical variables, except for age and number of health problems which were entered as continuous variables. (3) OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval; AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. a Multiple regression: adjusted for sex, age and for all variables included in the model
  3. b Mean (SD) in the ‘poor’ HRQoL category
  4. Statistical significance is shown in bold type