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Table 1 Characteristics of the respondents (n = 184)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

 FemaleMaleTotal 
n (%)n (%)n (%)p-value
Gender
 Female  101 (54.9%) 
 Male  83 (45.1%) 
Age (years)
mean (SD)84.5 (3.6)83.2 (2.8)83.9 (3.3)0.0134
min-max80–9580–9080–95 
Marital status   < 0.0001
 Never-married, widowed, divorced63 (64.3%)12 (14.5%)75 (41.4%) 
 Married or living with a partner35 (35.7%)71 (85.5%)106 (58.6%) 
Educational level   0.6040
 Pre-high school80 (80.0%)63 (76.8%)143 (78.6%) 
 High school or higher20 (20.0%)19 (23.2%)39 (21.4%) 
Living arrangement   < 0.0001
 Alone59 (58.4%)16 (19.3%)75 (40.8%) 
 Not alone42 (41.6%)67 (80.7%)109 (59.2%) 
Driving a car   < 0.0001
 Yes33 (34.0%)76 (95.0%)109 (61.6%) 
 No64 (66.0%)4 (5.0%)68 (38.4%) 
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months   0.1017
 Yes18 (18.4%)23 (28.8%)41 (23.0%) 
 No80 (81.6%)57 (71.3%)137 (77.0%) 
Life events during the previous 12 months
 Illness27 (27.8%)25 (31.3%)52 (28.3%)0.6196
 Poor health25 (26.6%)20 (25.0%)45 (24.5%)0.8107
 Daily care of a relative or friend12 (12.9%)16 (20.0%)28 (15.2%)0.2064
 Problem(s) with spouse or partner5 (5.4%)6 (7.5%)11 (6.0%)0.5682
 Bereavement25 (26.9%)15 (18.8%)40 (21.7%)0.2059
 Serious illness of a relative or friend23 (24.7%)26 (32.5%)49 (26.6%)0.2582
 Problem(s) with offspring19 (20.4%)8 (10.0%)27 (14.7%)0.0595
 Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives8 (8.6%)2 (2.5%)10 (5.4%)0.1091
 Unsatisfactory environment6 (6.5%)7 (8.8%)13 (7.1%)0.5675
 Perceived modest income37 (39.8%)17 (21.3%)54 (29.3%)0.0087
 Financial worries10 (10.8%)7 (8.8%)17 (9.2%)0.6591
  1. Statistical significance is shown in bold type