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Table 1 Characteristics of the respondents (n = 184)

From: Health-related quality of life among community-dwelling people aged 80 years and over: a cross-sectional study in France

  Female Male Total  
n (%) n (%) n (%) p-value
Gender
 Female    101 (54.9%)  
 Male    83 (45.1%)  
Age (years)
mean (SD) 84.5 (3.6) 83.2 (2.8) 83.9 (3.3) 0.0134
min-max 80–95 80–90 80–95  
Marital status     < 0.0001
 Never-married, widowed, divorced 63 (64.3%) 12 (14.5%) 75 (41.4%)  
 Married or living with a partner 35 (35.7%) 71 (85.5%) 106 (58.6%)  
Educational level     0.6040
 Pre-high school 80 (80.0%) 63 (76.8%) 143 (78.6%)  
 High school or higher 20 (20.0%) 19 (23.2%) 39 (21.4%)  
Living arrangement     < 0.0001
 Alone 59 (58.4%) 16 (19.3%) 75 (40.8%)  
 Not alone 42 (41.6%) 67 (80.7%) 109 (59.2%)  
Driving a car     < 0.0001
 Yes 33 (34.0%) 76 (95.0%) 109 (61.6%)  
 No 64 (66.0%) 4 (5.0%) 68 (38.4%)  
Hospital admission during the previous 12 months     0.1017
 Yes 18 (18.4%) 23 (28.8%) 41 (23.0%)  
 No 80 (81.6%) 57 (71.3%) 137 (77.0%)  
Life events during the previous 12 months
 Illness 27 (27.8%) 25 (31.3%) 52 (28.3%) 0.6196
 Poor health 25 (26.6%) 20 (25.0%) 45 (24.5%) 0.8107
 Daily care of a relative or friend 12 (12.9%) 16 (20.0%) 28 (15.2%) 0.2064
 Problem(s) with spouse or partner 5 (5.4%) 6 (7.5%) 11 (6.0%) 0.5682
 Bereavement 25 (26.9%) 15 (18.8%) 40 (21.7%) 0.2059
 Serious illness of a relative or friend 23 (24.7%) 26 (32.5%) 49 (26.6%) 0.2582
 Problem(s) with offspring 19 (20.4%) 8 (10.0%) 27 (14.7%) 0.0595
 Relational problem(s) with friends or relatives 8 (8.6%) 2 (2.5%) 10 (5.4%) 0.1091
 Unsatisfactory environment 6 (6.5%) 7 (8.8%) 13 (7.1%) 0.5675
 Perceived modest income 37 (39.8%) 17 (21.3%) 54 (29.3%) 0.0087
 Financial worries 10 (10.8%) 7 (8.8%) 17 (9.2%) 0.6591
  1. Statistical significance is shown in bold type