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Table 1 The five types of migrants [2]

From: Practice guidelines on migrants’ health: assessment of their quality and reporting

Type of migrantsDefinition
Voluntary migrantsPeople who have a regular visa and leave their country seeking bigger opportunities, a better job or a better education
RefugeesPeople who leave their country for fear of persecution for ethnic, racial or political reasons
Asylum seekersPeople who seek to become refugees and waiting to be accepted in a foreign country
AsyleeA person who has been granted asylum
ParoleeA person who is temporarily accepted in a country for urgent humanitarian reasons
  1. Patricia F Walker, M., DTM&H, FASTMHc Elizabeth D Barnett, MDWilliam Stauffer, MD, MSPH, CTropMed, FASTMH, Healthcare for adult immigrants and refugees, in uptodate. 2016