Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographical, Behavioral and clinical characteristics of adults with and without DM in Adama city

From: Heath related quality of life and associated factors among adults with and without diabetes in Adama city East Shewa, Ethiopia 2019; using generalized structural equation modeling

VariableDiabetic (n = 359)Non-diabetic (n = 415)P-value
AGE; Mean (SD)51.64(14.51)33.37(9.86)< 0.0001*
Depression Mean (SD)2.35(0.03)1.97 (0.03)< 0.0001*
Gender; n (%)
 Female176(49.03)259(62.41)<  0.0001**
 Male183(50.97)156(37.59)
Residence; n (%)
 Urban306(85.24)415(100) 
 Rural53(14.76)
Educational status; n (%)
 Uneducated60(16.71)34(8.25))< 0.0001**
 Primary cycle119(33.15)104(25.24)
 Secondary and above180(50.14)274(66.50)
Marital status; n (%)
 Single45(12.53)134(32.29)< 0.0001**
 Married225(62.67)228(54.94)
 Separated15(4.18)13(3.13)
 Divorced10(2.79)16(3.86)
 Widowed64(17.83)24(5.78)
Religion
 Christen271(75.49)292(70.36)< 0.0001***
 Muslim87(24.23)105(25.30)
 Other1(0.28)18(4.34)
Occupational status; n (%)
 Employed76(21.17)165(39.76) 
 Housewives103(28.69)69(16.63)
 Retired71(9.95)6(1.45)
 Merchant35(9.75)61(14.70)
 Daily labor7(1.95)43(10.36)
 Jobless35(9.75)51(12.29)
 Farmer32(8.91)3(0.72)
 Other0(0)17(2.20))
Hazardous drinking; n (%)
 Yes22(6.13)64(15.42)< 0.0001**
 No337(93.87)351(84.58)
  1. * P-values from two-sample t test with equal variances; **p-values from Chi-square test; ***p-values from Fisher exact test