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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals for diabetes-related complications croups from logistic regressions

From: Health related quality of life and healthcare utilization among adults with diabetes and kidney and eye complications in the United States

 Wt.%(95%CI)UnadjustedAdjusted
OR [95% CI]SignificanceAOR [95% CI]Significance
Mental Illness
 Eye Complications15.4 (12.7–18.5)1.23 [0.96, 1.59]0.0931.14 [0.87, 1.48]0.324
 CKD15.7 (11.9–20.3)1.26 [0.91, 1.33]0.160.96 [0.68, 1.36]0.827
 CKD & Eye Complications21.3 (16.6–26.8)1.84 [1.33, 2.53]< 0.0011.42 [1.01, 2.01]0.043
 Neither CKD nor ECs12.8 (11.7–14.0)Reference
Serious Psychological Distress
 Eye Complications13.7 (11.2–16.7)2.12 [1.62, 2.78]< 0.0011.67 [1.26, 2.21]< 0.001
 CKD12.8 (9.4–17.3)1.97 [1.36, 2.78]< 0.0011.39 [0.92, 2.74]0.119
 CKD & Eye Complications17.9 (13.6–23.2)2.92 [2.07, 4.11]< 0.0011.92 [1.35, 2.74]< 0.001
 Neither CKD nor ECs7.0 (6.1–7.9)Reference
Polypharmacy Use
 Eye Complications57.2 (53.6–60.7)1.47 [1.27, 1.72]< 0.0011.27 [1.07, 1.51]0.006
 CKD73.7 (68.7–78.1)3.09 [2.45, 3.92]< 0.0012.25 [1.66, 3.05]< 0.001
 CKD & Eye Complications74.8 (70.2–78.8)3.27 [2.59, 4.15]< 0.0012.09 [1.57, 2.79]< 0.001
 Neither CKD nor ECs47.5 (45.8–49.1)Reference
Inpatient Services Use
 Eye Complications21.0 (18.1–24.3)1.73 [1.41, 2.12]< 0.0011.49 [1.20, 1.85]< 0.001
 CKD26.9 (22.3–32.2)2.39 [1.82, 3.14]< 0.0011.87 [1.41, 2.50]< 0.001
 CKD & Eye Complications31.9 (26.7–37.5)3.03 [2.33, 3.94]< 0.0012.22 [1.67, 2.95]< 0.001
 Neither CKD nor ECs13.4 (12.3–14.4)Reference
Outpatient Services Use
 Eye Complications95.7 (94.4–96.8)1.48 [1.07, 2.04]0.0151.35 [0.92, 1.98]0.116
 CKD95.7 (91.0–98.0)1.48 [0.66, 3.35]0.3390.78 [0.34, 1.79]0.560
 CKD & Eye Complications96.9 (94.1–98.3)2.03 [1.03, 4.02]0.0411.12 [0.54, 2.69]0.638
 Neither CKD nor ECs93.8 (92.9–94.6)Reference
Emergency Department Services Use
 Eye Complications30.3 (27.1–33.7)1.86 [1.55, 2.24]< 0.0011.63 [1.33, 1.98]< 0.001
 CKD36.0 (30.8–41.6)2.42 [1.86, 3.13]< 0.0011.92 [1.50, 2.47]< 0.001
 CKD & Eye Complications35.8 (30.7–41.3)2.39 [1.89, 3.03]< 0.0011.77 [1.38, 2.28]< 0.001
 Neither CKD nor ECs18.9 (17.6–20.2)Reference
  1. Abbreviations: Wt. Weighted, CI Confidence Interval, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CKD Chronic Kidney Disease, OR Odds Ratio
  2. Note: Based on 8415 adults aged 21 years or older, alive during the calendar years, and reported having diabetes
  3. Mental Health adjusted models included sex, age, race/ethnicity, marital status, poverty status, health insurance coverage, number of physical health conditions, BMI, smoking status, geographic area of residence and physical activity
  4. Healthcare Utilization adjusted models included sex, age, race/ethnicity, marital status, poverty status, health insurance coverage, drug prescription coverage, number of mental and physical health conditions, BMI, smoking status, geographic area of residence and physical activity