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Table 2 Parameter estimates and standard errors of diabetes-related complications categories from OLS regression. Outcomes: MCS and PCS scores, adults with diabetes. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, panels 2009–2015

From: Health related quality of life and healthcare utilization among adults with diabetes and kidney and eye complications in the United States

 MCSPCS
Explanatory VariableBetaSESignificanceBetaSESignificance
 Unadjusted Model
Eye Complications−3.490.47< 0.001−4.760.52< 0.001
CKD−3.540.69< 0.001−7.280.79< 0.001
CKD & Eye Complications−5.271.81< 0.001−9.940.72< 0.001
Neither CKD nor ECsReference GroupReference Group
Adjusted Model
Eye Complications−2.290.40< 0.001−2.990.41< 0.001
CKD−2.490.65< 0.001−3.780.64< 0.001
CKD & Eye Complications−3.160.71< 0.001−6.160.62< 0.001
Neither CKD nor ECsReference GroupReference Group
  1. Abbreviations: SE Standard error, CKD Chronic Kidney Disease, PCS Physical Component Summary, MCS Mental Component Summary
  2. Note: Based on 8415 adults aged 21 years or older, alive during the calendar years, and reported having diabetes
  3. PCS adjusted model included sex, age, race/ethnicity, marital status, poverty status, health insurance coverage, number of mental and physical health conditions, BMI, smoking status, geographic area of residence and physical activity
  4. MCS adjusted model included sex, age, race/ethnicity, marital status, poverty status, health insurance coverage, number of physical health conditions, BMI, smoking status, geographic area of residence and physical activity