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Table 4 Factors of importance to mental HRQoL in people who are not family caregivers

From: Analyzing the situation of older family caregivers with a focus on health-related quality of life and pain: a cross-sectional cohort study

  Model 1 (Backward LR) (n = 2,180) Model 2 (enter) Model 3 (enter)
OR CI p value OR CI p value OR CI p value
Pain (VAS) 1.17 1.13–1.21 < 0.001 1.16 1.12–1.20 < 0.001 1.15 1.10–1.19 < 0.001
Age     1.03 1.02–1.04 < 0.001 1.02 1.00–1.03 0.024
Gender     1.30 1.05–1.62 0.017 1.40 1.11–1.76 0.004
Living alone     1.25 1.02–1.62 0.058 1.25 0.99–1.59 0.066
Education     1.25 0.90–1.73 0.184 1.07 0.76–1.52 0.688
Financial resources     1.76 1.35–2.30 < 0.001 1.73 1.31–2.29 < 0.001
Functional status (IADL)          0.064
 Totally dependent          
 Severely dependent          
 Moderately dependent          
 A little dependent          
MMSE        0.92 0.88–0.95 < 0.001
Worried about health          < 0.001
 Very        4.12 2.63–6.45 < 0.001
 Fairly        3.06 2.18–4.30 < 0.001
 A little        1.52 1.10–2.10 0.012
  1. Hosmer–Lemeshow test in model 1: p value = 0.282; model 2: p value = 0.608; model 3: p value = 0.074. Variables included in model 1: pain (VAS) and family caregiver. Nagelkerke R squared = 0.048. Variables included in model 2: pain (VAS), family caregiver, age, gender, living alone, education, and financial resources, Nagelkerke R squared = 0.105. Variables included in model 3: pain (VAS), family caregiver, age, gender, living alone, education, financial resources, functional status (IADL), MMSE, and worry about one’s own health, Nagelkerke R squared = 0.170. The reference categories were the response alternatives: younger age, being male, living with someone, independence in IADL, high financial resources, high education levels, low MMSE scores, having no pain (VAS), and not being worried about one’s own health. Significant factors are in bold