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Table 3 The effect of resilience, playing-standard, and playing status on HRQoL and flourishing in cricketers

From: Health-related quality of life and flourishing in current and former recreational and elite cricketers

  Physical Component Score Mental Component Score Flourishing Score
Unadjusted Effect (95% CI) Adjusteda, b Effect (95% CI) Unadjusted Effect (95% CI) Adjusteda, b Effect (95% CI) Unadjusted Effect (95% CI) Adjusteda, b Effect (95% CI)
Resilientd (n = 1334, 62%) 1.43 (0.72, 2.15), p < 0.0001 1.41 (0.70, 2.11), p < 0.0001 5.05 (4.38, 5.72), p < 0.0001 4.78 (4.09, 5.48), p < 0.0001 3.19 (2.70, 3.68), p < 0.0001 3.07 (2.55, 3.59) p < 0.0001
Not Resilient (n = 814, 38%) Reference Group Reference Group Reference Group
Elitee (n = 872, 39%) 0.01 (−0.71, 0.72), p = 0.993 0.49 (−0.23, 1.22), p = 0.184 0.65 (− 0.06, 1.36), p = 0.074 0.27 (− 0.45, 0.99), p = 0.460 1.30 (0.79, 1.81), p < 0.0001 1.21 (0.68, 1.73) p < 0.0001
Recreational (n = 1363, 61%) Reference Group Reference Group Reference Group
Currentf (n = 1425, 63%) 3.57 (2.88, 4.26), p < 0.0001 3.61 (2.92, 4.30), p < 0.0001 −0.57 (−1.27, 0.12), p = 0.106 − 0.39 (− 1.09, 0.30), p = 0.270 0.39 (− 0.11, 0.89), p = 0.127 0.53 (0.02, 1.04), p = 0.042
Former (n = 855, 37%) Reference Group Reference Group Reference Group
  1. a Estimates for resilience are adjusted for age, gender (male = 0, female = 1), number of cricket seasons played, presence of comorbidities, history of ≥4 week time loss joint injury (no joints injured = 0, sustained a joint injury = 1), history of orthopaedic surgery (never had an orthopaedic surgery = 0, underwent orthopaedic surgery = 1)
  2. b Estimates for standard-of-play and playing status are adjusted for gender (male = 0, female = 1), number of cricket seasons played, history of ≥4-week time loss joint injury (no joints injured = 0, sustained a joint injury = 1), history of orthopaedic surgery (never had an orthopaedic surgery = 0, underwent orthopaedic surgery = 1)
  3. c All values are points on the Short-Form 8 Health Survey and Flourishing Scale
  4. d Resilience was defined as not resilient (0) and resilient (1)
  5. e Playing standard was defined as recreational (0) and elite (1)
  6. f Playing status was defined as former (0) and current (1)
  7. h SF-8: Short-Form 8 Health Survey; Physical Component Scores (PCS) were calculated using norm based scoring (population norm 50 SD 10, high scorer = better health-related quality of life); Mental Component Scores (MCS) were calculated using norm based scoring (population norm 50 SD 10, high scorer = better health-related quality of life)
  8. i The flourishing scale scores range from 8 (strong disagreement on all items) to 56 (strong agreement on all items). A higher score is considered greater flourishing