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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Health-related quality of life and flourishing in current and former recreational and elite cricketers

  All Cricketers (n = 2280) Elite Cricketers (n = 872) Recreational Cricketers (n = 1363) Current Cricketers (n = 1425) Former Cricketers (n = 855)
Age (years) 51.7 (SD 14.7) 50.7 (SD 15.6) 52.3 (SD 14.2) 46.3 (SD 13.8) 61.0 (SD 11.2)
Sex
 Male 2215 (97%) 842 (97%) 1317 (97%) 1296 (97%) 824 (97%)
 Female 65 (3%) 27 (3%) 35 (3%) 39 (3%) 24 (3%)
BMI (kg/m2) 27.2 (IQR 24.6–29.9) 27.2 (IQR 24.6–29.8) 27.3 (IQR 24.7–29.9) 26.8 (IQR 24.4–29.3) 27.9 (IQR 25.3–30.6)
Cricket seasons played 30 (IQR 18–42) 32 (IQR 21–43) 27 (IQR 15–42) 28 (IQR 16–41) 32 (IQR 22–42)
Presence of comorbidity
 No 1779 (84%) 670 (83%) 1065 (85%) 1148 (91%) 549 (71%)
 Yes 339 (16%) 133 (17%) 194 (15%) 113 (9%) 221 (29%)
Joints injured
 0 1195 (53%) 389 (45%) 786 (59%) 662 (50%) 476 (57%)
 1+ 1058 (47%) 469 (55%) 555 (41%) 662 (50%) 359 (43%)
Orthopaedic surgeries
 0 1469 (65%) 530 (61%) 904 (67%) 890 (67%) 517 (61%)
 1+ 800 (35%) 334 (39%) 445 (33%) 437 (33%) 328 (39%)
Persistent joint pain
 No 1305 (60%) 462 (56%) 809 (63%) 814 (65%) 431 (52%)
 Yes 872 (40%) 364 (44%) 486 (37%) 451 (35%) 390 (48%)
Physician diagnosed osteoarthritis
 No 1598 (72%) 571 (69%) 986 (75%) 1012 (78%) 513 (63%)
 Yes 611 (28%) 262 (31%) 337 (25%) 286 (33%) 305 (37%)
Standard of playa
 Elite 872 (39%)    521 (40%) 321 (38%)
 Recreational 1363 (61%)    783 (60%) 517 (62%)
Resilience
 Resilient 1334 (62%) 524 (64%) 781 (61%) 801 (63%) 481 (61%)
 Not Resilient 814 (38%) 292 (36%) 499 (39%) 466 (37%) 301 (39%)
  1. SD standard deviation, IQR inter quartile range, BMI body mass index
  2. aParticipants were stratified into recreational (university, school, village or social) and elite (international or county/premier league, academy or county age group)