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Table 5 Fit indices for confirmatory factor analyses of factor structures proposed in previous studies

From: Psychometric properties of the Danish Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in patients with cardiac disease: results from the DenHeart survey

   RMSEA  
ModelsNumber of factorsSub scale contentRMSEA90% CIp-valueCFITLI
Zigmond and Snaith 1983 [5]2HADS-A:
1,3,5,7,9,11,13
HADS-D:
2,4,6,8,10,12,14
0.0710.069;0.072< 0.0010.9730.968
Dunbar et al. 2000 [43]3Negative affect:
1,5,7,11
Autonomic anxiety:
3,9,13
Depression:
2,4,6,8,10,12,14
0.0610.059;0.062< 0.0010.9810.976
Friedman et al. 2001 [44]3Psychomotor agitation:
1,7,11
Psychic anxiety:
3,5,9,13
Depression:
2,4,6,8,10,12,14
0.0600.058;0.061< 0.0010.9810.977
Caci et al. 2003 [42]3Anxiety:
1,3,5,9,13
Depression:
2,4,6,8,10,12
Restlessness:
7,11,14
0.0640.062;0.065< 0.0010.9790.974
Kaur et al. 2015 [15]3Anxiety:
1,3,5,7,9,11,13
Anhedonia:
2,4,6,14
Psychomotor retardation:
8,10,12
0.0690.068;0.071< 0.0010.9750.969
Cosco et al. 2012 [21]11,2,3,4,5,6,7,9,10,11,12,130.1110.109;0.113< 0.0010.9450.932