Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of women with and without diabetes, their spouses and children

From: Diabetes in women and health-related quality of life in the whole family: a structural equation modeling

VariablesTotal (n = 794)Without diabetes (n = 706)With diabetes (n = 88)P-value
Women’s Variables
 Age (y)41.37 ± 5.3241.06 ± 5.1743.87 ± 5.79< 0.001
Education0.01
 Primary School108 (13.6)95 (13.5)13 (14.8) 
 Secondary School444 (55.9)384 (54.4)60 (68.2) 
 Higher242 (30.5)227 (32.2)15 (17.0) 
Employment0.13
 Housewife638 (80.4)562 (79.6)76 (86.4) 
 Employed156 (19.6)144 (20.4)12 (13.6) 
Weight Status< 0.01
 Obese265 (33.4)221 (31.3)44 (50.0) 
 Non-obese529 (66.6)485 (68.7)44 (50.0) 
Spouse’s Variables
 Age (yr)47.24 ± 5.8346.96 ± 5.6849.29 ± 6.60< 0.01
Education0.48
 Primary School123 (19.1)106 (18.5)17 (23.86) 
 Secondary School320 (49.7)284 (49.7)36 (50.0) 
 Higher201 (31.2)182 (31.8)19 (26.4) 
Employment0.07
 Employed606 (94.0)542 (94.6)64 (88.9) 
 Unemployed39 (6.0)31 (5.4)8 (11.1) 
Child’s Variables
 Age (yr)13.44 ± 3.1013.38 ± 3.0913.93 ± 3.070.11
Sex1.00
 Boy407 (51.3)362 (51.3)45 (51.1) 
 Girl387 (48.7)344 (48.7)43 (48.9) 
  1. Data are represented as Mean ± SD or frequency (percent)