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Table 1 Socio-demographical characteristics of patients with MDR-TB (n = 80)

From: Health-related quality of life of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Yemen: prospective study

5.1.Characteristics Patient n (%)
Governorates
 Alhodidah 37 (46.3)
 Taiz 17 (21.3)
 Sana’a 10 (12.5)
 Aden 16 (20)
Gender
 Male 48 (60)
 Female 32 (40)
Age (years)
  ≤ 45 32 (40)
  > 45 48 (60)
Baseline weight (kg)
  ≤ 40 51 (63.8)
  > 40 29 (36.3)
Area
 Rural 35 (43.8)
 Urban 45 (56.3)
Marital status
 Married 61 (76.3)
 Unmarried 19 (23.8)
Smoking
 Non-smoker 12 (15)
 Smoker 68 (85)
Chewing khat
 Yes 73 (91.3)
 No 7 (8.8)
Employment status
 Employed 13 (16.3)
 Unemployed 67 (83.3)
Monthly income (rial¥)
  ≤ 10,000 67 (83.8)
  > 10,000 13 (16.3)
History of TB treatment
 Previously treated 75 (93.8)
 Newly treated 5 (6.3)
History of Streptomycin use
 No 57 (71.3)
 Yes 23 (28.8)
Comorbidity
 No 54 (67.5)
 Yes 23 (28.8)
Number of first line resistance
  ≤ 2 55 (68.8)
  > 2 25 (31.3)
Sputum grading
 Low 35 (43.7)
 High 45 (56.3)
Baseline lung cavity
 No 39 (48.8)
 Yes 41 (51.3)
Hb¥ level
 Normal 28 (35)
 Below normal 52 (65)
Creatinine level
 Normal 71 (88.8)
 Above normal 9 (11.3)
WBCsα level
 Normal 43 (53.8)
 Above normal 37 (46.3)
Bilirubin level
 Normal 71 (88.8)
 Above normal 9 (11.3)
  1. khat: a shrub that grows in parts of East Africa and Yemen, ¥ rial: one dollar is approximately equivalent to 215 rial, αWBCs = white blood cells; ¥ Hb: haemoglobin
  2. *Normal ranges: Hb = Male > 13 g/dl, Female > 11.5 g/dl; WBCs = > 11,000/ mm3; Creatinine = Male < 1.1 mg/dl, Female < .9 mg/dl; Bilirubin = ≤ 1 mg/dl, TB: tuberculosis;