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Table 2 Patient-reported outcome measures in TE/TO validated for adults

From: Structured literature review of patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments in adult tonsillectomy or tonsillotomy

   PROM Indication Frequency used in Studies Recall Period used in Studies Validity Reliability Responsiveness Development Reference
Postoperative Outcome Generic Questionnaires GBI Generic outcome in otorhinolaryngological surgery 12 6 m - 4 y + + + Robinson et al. [15,16,17]
WHOQOL-BREF Assessment of QoL 1 6–8 m ++ ++ + WHOQOL Group [18,19,20]
SF-36 Assessment of general health 7 6 m - 1 y ++ ++ + RAND Corporation [21,22,23]
15D-HRQOL Assessment of health-related QoL 2 6 m - 2 y ++ + + Sintonen [24]
OSA/SDB-Specific Questionnaires ESS SDB 25 6 w - 3 m + + + Johns et al. (1) [25,26,27,28]
SAQLI SDB 1 1 y ++ ++ ++ Flemons et al. [29, 30]
Berlin-Questionnaire OSA 1 2–6 m + + 0 Netzer et al. [31, 32]
FOSQ OSA 4 3–6 m ++ ++ + Weaver et al. [33,34,35]
TE/TO-Specific Questionnaires TAHSI Tonsil and adenoid disease 1 6 m - 1 y ++ ++ ++ Steward et al. [36]
TOI-14 Chronic tonsillitis 2 1 m - 1 y ++ ++ ++ Skevas et al. [12]
Perioperative Outcome   VAS/NRS Outcome after surgery 59 1 d - 2 y + + +   [37, 38]
PONV 1 1 h - 2 d + ++ ++ Wengritzky et al. [39]
QUIPS 1 1 d + + 0 Meissner et al. [40]
  1. Reliability: + (one type of reliability has been tested with satisfactory results e.g. internal consistency or test-retest reliability), ++ (both types have been tested with at least good results)Validity: + (one or two types of validity have been tested with satisfactory results e.g. content and construct validity), ++ (more than two types of validity have been tested with at least good results)Responsiveness: + (responsiveness has been tested), ++ (responsiveness has been tested with good to very good results), 0 (responsiveness has not been assessed) Frequency Used in Studies: Number of studies identified in our research that utilize these questionnaire for adult patients
  2. Abbreviations: TE Tonsillectomy, TO Tonsillotomy, OSA Obstructive Sleep Apnea, SDB Sleep Disordered Breathing, QoL Quality of Life, GBI Glasgow Benefit Inventory, WHOQOL-BREF World Health Organization Quality of Life abbreviated version, SF-36 Short-Form 36 Survey, 15D-HRQO 15 Dimensions Health-Related Quality of Life, ESS Epworth Sleepiness Scale, SAQLI Calgery Sleep Apnea Quality of Life Index, FOSQ Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, TAHSI Tonsil and Adenoid Health Status Instrument, TOI-14 Tonsillectomy Outcome Inventory 14, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, NRS Numeric Rating Scale, PONV Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting intensity scale, QUIPS Quality Improvement in Postoperative Pain Management, h hour, d days, w weeks, m months, y years