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Table 5 Associations between performing indoor versus outdoor sports and HRQOL-dimensions for sports club members (n = 1603)

From: Sports participation and health-related quality of life in children: results of a cross-sectional study

  Adjusted analysesa Adjusted analysesb
Bc pd 95% CI Bc pd 95% CI
Physical domain
 Physical wellbeing Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports 1.81 0.001 0.73; 2.88 0.97 0.08 −0.13; 2.06
Indoor versus outdoor sports 1.13 0.13 −0.32; 2.59 − 1.02 0.20 −2.59; 0.55
Psychological domain
 Psychological wellbeing Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports 0.89 0.09 −0.13; 1.92 0.54 0.31 −0.51; 1.59
Indoor versus outdoor sports −0.11 0.88 −1.49; 1.27 −1.02 0.19 −2.53; 0.49
 Moods and emotions Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports 1.31 0.03 0.12; 2.50 1.37 0.03 0.15; 2.59
Indoor versus outdoor sports −0.71 0.39 −2.31; 0.90 −0.55 0.54 −2.30; 1.20
 Self-perception Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports 0.98 0.07 −0.06; 2.03 0.97 0.08 −0.11; 2.04
Indoor versus outdoor sports 0.32 0.66 −1.10; 1.73 0.28 0.73 −1.27; 1.82
Social domain
 Autonomy Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports 0.77 0.13 −0.23; 1.77 0.70 0.18 −0.32; 1.73
Indoor versus outdoor sports −0.83 0.23 −2.18; 0.52 −1.01 0.18 −2.48; 0.47
 Parents and home life Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports 0.50 0.31 −0.47; 1.47 0.16 0.76 −0.83; 1.15
Indoor versus outdoor sports −0.21 0.75 −1.52; 1.10 −1.10 0.13 −2.53; 0.32
 Social support and peers Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports −0.09 0.86 −1.12; 0.94 −0.42 0.44 −1.47; 0.64
Indoor versus outdoor sports −0.40 0.57 −1.80; 0.99 −1.25 0.11 −2.76; 0.27
 Social acceptance (bullying) Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports 2.15 < 0.001 0.97; 3.33 2.16 < 0.001 0.95; 3.38
Indoor versus outdoor sports 0.44 0.59 −1.15; 2.03 0.47 0.60 −1.27; 2.20
 School environment Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports −0.85 0.10 −1.86; 0.16 −1.21 0.02 −2.24; −0.17
Indoor versus outdoor sports −0.19 0.78 −1.55; 1.17 −1.12 0.14 −2.60; 0.36
 Financial resources Indoor sports Reference group
Outdoor sports 0.93 0.07 −0.06; 1.93 0.58 0.27 −0.44; 1.60
Indoor versus outdoor sports 0.41 0.55 −0.94; 1.75 −0.51 0.49 −1.97; 0.95
  1. aAdjusted for gender, age, BMI, SES, and household composition; bAdjusted for gender, age, BMI, SES, household composition and frequency of sports participation; cUnstandardized regression coefficient; dp-values in bold indicate statistical significance (p < 0.05)