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Table 1 Study characteristics of the visual impairment population (N = 736) and the general population (N = 14,884)

From: Loneliness among adults with visual impairment: prevalence, associated factors, and relationship to life satisfaction

  VI population General population
Characteristics n (%) n (%) Χ2, p-value#
Age (years)    86.5, p < 0.001
18–35 157 (21.3) 4265 (28.7)  
36–50 186 (25.3) 4568 (30.7)  
51–65 200 (27.2) 3914 (26.3)  
≥ 66 193 (26.2) 2137 (14.4)  
Gender    8.3, p = 0.004
Women 333 (45.2) 7545 (50.7)  
Men 403 (54.8) 7339 (49.3)  
Education (years)    33.7, p < 0.001
<  11 115 (15.6) 2820 (19.0)  
11–13 286 (38.9) 6849 (46.0)  
≥ 14 335 (45.5) 5215 (35.0)  
Marital status    115.8, p < 0.001
Married/partners 347 (47.2) 9580 (64.4)  
Single 260 (35.3) 2953 (19.8)  
Divorced/widowed 129 (17.5) 2351 (15.8)  
Occupational status    522.1, p < 0.001
Employed 295 (40.1) 11,061 (74.7)  
Unemployed 271 (36.8) 1633 (7.8)  
Retired 170 (23.1) 2622 (17.7)  
  1. Notes. VI visual impairment; #: test statistics and p-value derived from Pearson’s chi-squared test