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Table 2 Descriptive statistics (mean ± SD) of WHOQOL-BREF and WHOQOL-OLD, by smoking categories, Uberaba, Brazil

From: Differences in quality of life among older adults in Brazil according to smoking status and nicotine dependence

QOL Smoking Categories
Smokers Ex-smokers Never smoker p
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
WHOQOL-BREF
 Physical 61.27 16.39 61.90 17.39 61.53 17.10 0.925
 Psychological 64.82 14.30 67.52 15.54 65.73 15.99 0.156
 Social relationship 70.49 15.34 72.44 14.01 71.17 14.22 0.318
 Environmental 59.81 12.66 61.35 13.89 60.60 14.27 0.543
WHOQOL-OLD
 Sensory abilities 67.41 23.69 69.86 24.04 68.70 23.45 0.593
 Autonomy 62.80 15.07 65.56 15.76 64.33 15.73 0.233
 Past, present and future activities 66.90 14.04 68.20 15.93 67.38 15.40 0.661
 Social participation 62.70 14.83 65.64 16.86 65.05 16.27 0.232
 Death and Dying 73.03 22.73 73.51 25.03 70.44 26.91 0.204
 Intimacy 65.67 21.96 69.70 19.78 68.06 20.35 0.164