Skip to main content

Table 2 Subgroup analysis of the correlation between HL and QOL

From: The relationship between health literacy and quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Subgroup Sample size No. of studies correlation coefficient [95%CI] P
Total 12,303 19 0.35 [0.25; 0.44] < 0.01
PopulationI
 College students 2609 2 0.12 [0.01; 0.23] 0.02
 Community residents 1572 4 0.46 [0.13; 0.69] < 0.01
PopulationII
 Patients 8122 13 0.35 [0.25; 0.44] < 0.01
 Health 4181 6 0.35 [0.14; 0.53] < 0.01
Nation
 China 6083 8 0.45[0.27; 0.61] < 0.01
 America 3452 6 0.29 [0.16; 0.42] < 0.01
 Other Asian countries 1142 4 0.21 [0.10; 0.32] 0.01
HL questionnaire
 REALM 753 3 0.17 [0.06; 0.28] 0.08
 TOFHLA 1362 4 0.35 [0.12; 0.54] < 0.01
 Other instruments 10,188 12 0.39 [0.27; 0.51] < 0.01
QOL questionnaire
 EQ-5D 2665 2 0.45 [0; 0.80] < 0.01
 SF 4073 9 0.38 [0.22; 0.53] < 0.01
 Other instruments 5565 8 0.29 [0.17; 0.39] < 0.01
Study design
 Cross-sectional 10,264 16 0.33 [0.22; 0.44] < 0.01
 Cohort 2039 3 0.45 [0.24; 0.62] < 0.01
Study quality
 High 7625 9 0.34 [0.20; 0.46] < 0.01
 Medium 4678 10 0.36 [0.21; 0.50] < 0.01
 Low 0 0   
Time
 Before 2012.01 5709 7 0.37 [0.21; 0.51] < 0.01
 After 2012.01 3708 5 0.27 [0.01; 0.49] < 0.01
 No found 2886 7 0.39 [0.21; 0.54] < 0.01