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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants with psoriasis by gender

From: The association of socioeconomic and clinical characteristics with health-related quality of life in patients with psoriasis: a cross-sectional study

Variables Total (n = 299) Male (n = 224) Female (n = 75)  
N (%) N (%) N (%) P-value
Gender
 Male 224 (74.9)      
 Female 75 (25.1)      
Age (years)
 Mean, SD 43.8 ±9.9 45.3 ±9.7 39.2 ±9.4 < 0.001
 20–39 95 (31.8) 57 (25.4) 38 (50.7) < 0.001
 40–59 181 (60.5) 146 (65.2) 35 (46.7)  
 60–79 23 (7.7) 21 (9.4) 2 (2.7)  
Marital status
 Single 75 (25.1) 48 (21.4) 27 (36.0) 0.038
 Married 196 (65.6) 155 (69.2) 41 (54.7)  
 Divorced/widowed 26 (8.7) 21 (9.4) 7 (9.3)  
Education level
  ≤ High school 65 (21.7) 43 (19.2) 22 (29.3) 0.143
 College 183 (61.2) 145 (64.7) 40 (53.3)  
 Graduate school 49 (16.4) 36 (16.1) 13 (17.3)  
Employment status
 Full-time 213 (71.2) 171 (76.3) 42 (56.0) 0.003
 Part-time 27 (9.0) 18 (8.0) 9 (12.0)  
 Unemployed/student/housewife 59 (19.7) 35 (15.6) 24 (32.0)  
Annual income (USD)
  < 24,000 33 (11.0) 20 (8.9) 13 (17.3) 0.003
 24,000-47,999 99 (33.1) 71 (31.7) 34 (45.3)  
 48,000-71,999 92 (30.8) 72 (32.1) 20 (26.7)  
  ≥ 72,000 69 (23.1) 61 (27.2) 8 (10.7)  
Duration of psoriasis (years)
 Mean, SD 21.3 ±10 21.6 ±9.7 20.5 ±10.8 0.426
 1–9 33 (11.0) 21 (9.4) 12 (16.0) 0.429
 10–19 113 (37.8) 88 (39.3) 25 (33.3)  
 20–29 89 (29.8) 67 (29.9) 22 (29.3)  
  ≥ 30 64 (21.4) 48 (21.4) 16 (21.3)  
Severity of psoriasis (BSA)
 Mild (< 5%) 146 (48.8) 106 (47.3) 40 (53.3) 0.665
 Moderate (5–9%) 65 (21.7) 50 (22.3) 15 (20.0)  
 Severe (≥10%) 88 (29.4) 68 (30.4) 20 (26.7)  
Site of psoriasis
 Head 233 (77.9) 179 (79.9) 54 (72.0) 0.153
 Face 141 (47.2) 107 (47.8) 34 (45.3) 0.715
 Neck 82 (27.4) 51 (22.8) 31 (41.3) 0.002
 Shoulder 115 (38.5) 89 (39.7) 26 (34.7) 0.435
 Chest/abdomen 191 (63.9) 141 (62.9) 50 (66.7) 0.562
 Back/buttocks 232 (77.6) 174 (77.7) 58 (77.3) 0.951
 Arm 229 (76.6) 169 (75.4) 60 (80.0) 0.420
 Hand 141 (47.2) 111 (49.6) 30 (40.0) 0.151
 Leg 263 (88.0) 201 (89.7) 62 (82.7) 0.104
 Foot 128 (42.8) 95 (42.4) 33 (44.0) 0.810
Treatment for psoriasis
 Topical treatment 246 (82.3) 190 (84.8) 56 (74.7) 0.046
 Prescribed oral medication 135 (45.2) 97 (43.3) 38 (50.7) 0.267
 Herbal medication 88 (29.4) 62 (27.7) 26 (34.7) 0.250
 Phototherapy 142 (47.5) 110 (49.1) 32 (42.7) 0.334
 Injections except biologics 45 (15.1) 31 (13.8) 14 (18.7) 0.312
 Biological therapy 28 (9.4) 22 (9.8) 6 (8.0) 0.639
  1. BSA body surface area