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Table 12 Assessment of Carry-Over Effects (Perceived Health Risk Scale Survey 2)

From: Development and validation of a new instrument to measure perceived risks associated with the use of tobacco and nicotine-containing products

Sequence n Mean (logit) SD t (df) p-value Cohen’s d
PRI-P
 CC first
 CC subsequently
159
614
2.08
2.13
2.98
3.24
0.18 (771) 0.860
 THS 2.2 first
 THS 2.2 subsequently
149
569
0.62
0.48
3.19
3.17
−0.45 (716) 0.650
 E-CIG first 142 −0.25 3.42 0.39 (724) 0.696
 E-CIG subsequently 584 −0.12 3.34
 NRT first 110 −1.35 2.85 −0.42 (554) 0.672
 NRT subsequently 446 −1.49 3.22
 CESS first 115 −0.05 2.52 −2.66 (584) 0.008 0.29
 CESS subsequently 471 −0.84 2.91
PRI-G
 CC first 162 2.89 2.75 −1.89 (776) 0.060
 CC subsequently 616 2.41 2.91
 THS 2.2 first 149 0.50 2.97 0.62 (714) 0.537
 THS 2.2 subsequently 567 0.66 2.97
 E-CIG first 143 −0.09 3.21 −0.35 (726) 0.723
 E-CIG subsequently 585 −0.19 3.03
 NRT first 140 −0.21 2.85 −2.10 (716) 0.037 0.20
 NRT subsequently 578 −0.82 3.17
 CESS first 156 0.95 2.76 −4.41 (765) < 0.001 0.40
 CESS subsequently 611 −0.15 2.80
  1. CC Conventional cigarettes, CESS Cessation, E-CIG Electronic cigarette, NRT Nicotine Replacement Therapy, PRI-P Perceived Risk Instrument-Personal Risk, PRI-G Perceived Risk Instrument-General Risk, THS 2.2 Tobacco Heating System 2.2. Cohen’s d indicated for p-values < 0.05