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Table 2 Behavioral probabilities and K6 scores of women with and without parental need for carea

From: Impact of parents’ need for care on middle-aged women’s lifestyle and psychological distress: evidence from a nationwide longitudinal survey in Japan

  The need of care Difference (A-B)
Occurred (A) Not occurred (B)
Parents (n = 15,972)     
Caregiving 30.7% 0 30.7% ***
    SD (0.4%)  
Coresidence 13.7% 15.5% −1.8% *
    SD (0.8%)  
Work 55.1% 60.5% −5.4% ***
    SD (1.0%)  
K6 score (range: 0–24) M 3.79 3.20 0.59 ***
  SD (0.08) (0.03) (0.00)  
K6 score ≥ 5 33.3% 28.4% 4.9% ***
Number of observations 2648 13,324   
Parents-in-law (n = 10,887)     
Caregiving 29.7% 0 29.7% ***
    SD (0.5%)  
Coresidence 33.1% 40.3% −7.2% ***
    SD (1.2%)  
Work 55.7% 62.0% −6.3% ***
    SD (1.2%)  
K6 score (range: 0–24) M 3.90 3.20 0.70 ***
  SD (0.10) (0.04) (0.10)  
K6 score ≥ 5 34.4% 29.3% 5.1% ***
Number of observations 2086 8801   
  1. aAll variables were evaluated in each wave when parents’ need for care emerged
  2. ***p < 0.001, *p < 0.05