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Table 1 Key characteristics of 7037 participants at baseline (in 2009)

From: Impact of parents’ need for care on middle-aged women’s lifestyle and psychological distress: evidence from a nationwide longitudinal survey in Japan

Educational attainment Proportion (%)
 Junior high school   12.7
 High school   64.1
 Junior college   14.6
 College or above   8.3
Having a spouse   88.0
Residing with parents   11.3
Residing with parents-in-law   22.0
Working outside home   63.5
Age (years) M 58.0
  SD (2.7)
Monthly household expenditure (thousand yen)a M 230.0
  SD (283.0)
  1. aAdjusted for household size