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Table 2 Item and scale score statistics (n = 6622)

From: Is the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) a valid measure in a general population 65–80 years old? A psychometric evaluation study

    Score distribution, %
  Mdn (q1-q3) M (SD) 0 1 2 3 Missing data
HADS Anxiety 2 (1–5) 3.23 (3.23)      
1. I feel tense and wound up 0 (0–1) 0.53 (0.63) 52.8 41.3 4.1 1.0 0.8
3. I get sort of frightened as if something awful is about to happen 0 (0–1) 0.34 (0.59) 70.7 25.3 3.0 1.0 0.8
5. Worrying thoughts go through my mind 0 (0–1) 0.49 (0.71) 60.3 30.6 5.9 2.2 1.4
7. I can sit at ease and feel relaxed 1 (0–1) 0.59 (0.64) 47.9 44.7 6.4 0.7 0.2
9. I get sort of frightened feeling like “butterflies in the stomach” 0 (0–1) 0.42 (0.58) 62.0 33.8 3.0 0.5 0.6
11. I feel restless as if I have to be on the move 0 (0–1) 0.60 (0.73) 53.1 33.7 11.6 1.1 0.6
13. I get sudden feelings of panic 0 (0–0) 0.25 (0.52) 77.7 18.8 2.4 0.6 0.6
HADS Depression 3 (1–5) 3.26 (3.04)      
2. I still enjoy the things I used to enjoy 0 (0–1) 0.45 (0.59) 58.7 37.0 2.7 0.7 0.9
4. I can laugh and see the funny side of things 0 (0–1) 0.31 (0.57) 72.6 22.7 3.3 0.6 0.7
6. I feel cheerful 0 (0–1) 0.34 (0.60) 72.2 21.3 5.3 0.6 0.7
8. I feel as if I have slowed down 1 (0–1) 0.76 (0.69) 36.1 53.4 7.7 2.2 0.6
10. I have lost interest in my appearance 0 (0–1) 0.57 (0.72) 54.4 34.0 9.6 1.2 0.8
12. I look forward with enjoy to things 0 (0–1) 0.53 (0.70) 56.8 33.2 8.0 1.2 0.7
14. I can enjoy a good book, or radio or TV program 0 (0–0) 0.29 (0.59) 76.4 19.0 2.7 1.5 0.4
  1. Floor and/or ceiling effects are marked in bold, defined if more than 20% of the participants used the lowest and/or highest possible scores
  2. HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale