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Table 4 Descriptive statistics for items and subscales in the short-form version of the HIV Stigma Scalea

From: Development of a 12-item short version of the HIV stigma scale

  Mean item scoreb (SD) Corrected item-total correlation Mean subscale scorec (SD) Reliability, α Floor/ceiling effect (%)
Personalised stigma    6.09 (2.75) 0.88 28/6
 28. Some people avoid touching me once they know I have HIV 2.06 (1.00) 0.70    
 29. People I care about stopped calling after learning I have HIV 1.97 (1.00) 0.84    
 36. I have lost friends by telling them I have HIV 2.06 (1.06) 0.78    
Disclosure concerns    9.08 (2.57) 0.84 6/22
 4. Telling someone I have HIV is risky 2.97 (0.98) 0.68    
 6. I work hard to keep my HIV a secret 2.97 (1.02) 0.74    
 17. I am very careful who I tell that I have HIV 3.25 (0.96) 0.68    
Concerns about public attitudes    7.60 (2.50) 0.81 9/9
 9. People with HIV are treated like outcasts 2.43 (0.97) 0.67    
 10. Most people believe a person who has HIV is dirty 2.54 (0.99) 0.71    
 20. Most people are uncomfortable around someone with HIV 2.64 (0.97) 0.62    
Negative self-image    6.40 (2.75) 0.80 24/5
 2. I feel guilty because I have HIV 2.21 (1.09) 0.62    
 3. People’s attitudes about HIV make me feel worse about myself 2.17 (1.07) 0.70    
 7. I feel I’m not as good a person as others because I have HIV 2.01 (1.09) 0.62    
  1. aParticipants with complete answers, n = 880
  2. bPossible score for each item 1–4; higher scores reflect a higher level of perceived HIV-related stigma
  3. cPossible score 3–12 on each scale; higher scores reflect a higher level of perceived HIV-related stigma
  4. SDStandard deviation