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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of variables for rural and urban residents

From: Does where you live matter to your health? Investigating factors that influence the self-rated health of urban and rural Chinese residents: evidence drawn from Chinese General Social Survey data

  Rural residents Urban residents Test statistics/ Chi-square P value
Mean/Proportion S.D. Mean/Proportion S.D.
Dependent variable
 Self-rated physical health (%)      45.134b 0.000
  Unhealthy 37.13   29.13    
  Healthy 62.87   70.87    
Independent variables
 Evaluation of air pollution (%)      729.847b 0.000
  Not serious 82.90   49.44    
  Serious 17.10   50.56    
 Evaluation of green space shortage (%)      448.839b 0.000
  Not serious 91.23   68.47    
  Serious 8.77   31.53    
 Evaluation of water pollution (%)      255.300b 0.000
  Not serious 76.09   56.50    
  Serious 23.91   43.50    
 Evaluation of freshwater resource shortage (%)      91.526b 0.000
  Not serious 79.19   68.28    
  Serious 20.81   31.65    
 Doing physical exercise (%)      594.107 b 0.000
  Infrequently 85.60   56.43    
  Frequently 14.40   43.57    
Control variables
 Age 48.04 15.23 46.41 15.85 4.098a 0.000
 Gender (%)      0.028b 0.867
  Male 53.61   53.40    
  Female 46.39   46.60    
 Marital status (%)      40.360b 0.000
  Single, divorced, widowed, etc. 15.26   21.65    
  Married 84.74   78.35    
 Educational attainments (%)      1100b 0.000
  Junior high school and below 85.11   43.54    
  Senior high school 11.38   27.26    
  Bachelor degree and above 3.51   29.20    
 Annual household income (Yuan) 36413.10 45242.74 76545.49 90745.89 -20.435a 0.000
 Hukou status (%)      213.380b 0.000
  Non-local hukou 3.26   14.64    
  Local hukou 96.74   85.36    
 Insurance schemes (%)      174.131b 0.000
  Have not joined any BMI and PCMI schemes 5.22   9.83    
Have joined both BMI and PCMI schemes 5.96   13.64    
Have joined BMI schemes but not PCMI schemes 88.21   74.78    
Have joined PCMI schemes but not BMI schemes 0.61   1.75    
  1. a t-Test statistics. bChi-square statistics