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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the sample

From: Quality of life of depressed and suicidal patients seeking services from traditional and faith healers in rural Kenya

Variable Depressed (n = 316) Non-depressed (n = 127) Total (n = 443) Group Differences
Type of healer (%)
Traditional healer 109 (34.5) 1 (0.8) 110 (24.8) χ 2 (1, n = 443) =55.142, p< .001
Faith healer 207 (65.5) 126 (99.2) 333 (75.2)
Mean age (SD) 48.0 (17.0) 48.8 (15.9) 48.2 (16.7) t (441) = .490, p = .624
Gender (%)
Male 90 (28.5) 38 (29.9) 128 (28.9) χ 2 (1, n = 443) = .091, p = .762
Female 226 (71.5) 89 (70.1) 315 (71.1)
Religion (%)
Catholic 64 (20.3) 32 (25.2) 96 (21.7) a χ 2 (4, n = 442) =6.614, p = .158
Protestant 234 (74.3) 86 (67.7) 320 (72.2) a
Muslim 1 (0.3) 0 1 (0.2) a
African Traditional Religion 3 (1.0) 5 (3.9) 8 (1.8) a
No official religion 13 (4.1) 4 (3.1) 17 (3.8) a
Level of education (%)
No formal education 85 (27.2) 35 (27.6) 120 (27.3) b χ 2 (2, n = 440) =2.145, p = .342
Primary 196 (62.6) 73 (57.5) 269 (61.1) b
Secondary 32 (10.2) 19 (15.0) 51 (11.6) b
Marital Status (%)
Single 32 (10.2) 19 (15.0) 51 (11.6) d χ 2 (2, n = 441) =2.406, p = .300
Divorced/Separated 72 (22.9) 31 (24.4) 103 (23.4) d
Married/Cohabiting 210 (66.9) 77 (60.6) 287 (65.1) d
Employment Status (%)
No employment 159 (50.3) 86 (70.5) 245 (55.9) c χ 2 (2, n = 438) =19.974, p< .001
Self Employed 125 (39.6) 21 (17.2) 146 (33.3) c
Employed 32 (10.1) 15 (12.3) 47 (10.7) c
Suicidal Ideation (%) 25 (7.9) 1 (0.8) 26 (5.9) a χ 2 (1, n = 442) =8.356, p= .004
  1. a n = 442; b n = 440; c n = 438; d n = 441
  2. Bold are significant values