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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants

From: Validation of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule in people with severe mental disorders in rural Ethiopia

Characteristics Validation study Additional sample for CFA
Service users (n = 150) Caregivers (n = 150) Service users (n = 100) Caregivers (n = 100)
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Sex Male 81 (54.0) 121 (80.7) 71 (71.0) 83 (83.0)
Female 69 (46.0) 28 (18.7) 29 (29.0) 17 (17.0)
Age (years) Mean (SD) 30.42 (10.04) 35.09 (12.14) 33.05 (13.34) 34.95 (12.23)
Ethnicity Gurage 60 (40.0) 58 (38.7) 48 (48.0) 47 (47.0)
Siltie 80 (53.3) 82 (54.7) 42 (42.0) 43 (43.0)
Amhara 1 (0.7) 2 (1.3) 2 (2.0) 2 (2.0)
Oromo 2 (1.3) 1 (0.7) 2 (2.0) 2 (2.0)
Other 7 (4.7) 7 (4.7) 6 (6.0) 6 (6.0)
Religion Orthodox 27 (18.0) 25 (16.7) 19 (19.0) 19 (19.0)
Muslim 118 (78.7) 120 (80.0) 76 (76.0) 78 (78.0)
Protestant 5 (3.3) 5 (3.3) 5 (5.0) 3 (3.0)
Marital status Single 53 (35.3) 34 (22.7) 45 (45.0) 27 (27.0)
Married 81 (54.0) 112 (74.7) 48 (48.0) 72 (72.0)
Divorced 4 (2.7) 0 (0.0) 6 (6.0) 1 (1.0)
Separated 7 (4.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Widowed 5 (3.3) 3 (2.0) 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0)
Educational level Can’t read and write 57 (38.0) 34 (22.7) 27 (27.0) 16 (16.0)
Read and write only 41 (27.3) 57 (38.0) 29 (29.0) 25 (25.0)
Primary 40 (26.7) 42 (28.0) 28 (28.0) 32 (32.0)
Secondary 10 (6.7) 10 (6.7) 12 (12.0) 17 (17.0)
Postsecondary 2 (1.3) 6 (4.0) 4 (4.0) 10 (10.0)
Occupation Farming 77 (51.3) 109 (72.7) 54 (54.0) 56 (56.0)
Trading 12 (8.0) 13 (8.7) 8 (8.0) 14 (14.0)
Government employee 1 (0.7) 8 (5.3) 3 (3.0) 11 (11.0)
Student 9 (6.0) 6 (4.0) 5 (5.0) 5 (5.0)
Housewife 27 (18.0) 12 (8.0) 13 (13.0) 8 (8.0)
Have no job 22 (14.7) 1 (0.7) 17 (17.0) 6 (6.0)
Other 2 (1.3) 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Relative wealth Less 67 (44.7) 42 (28.0) 32 (32.0) 13 (13.0)
More 4 (2.7) 4 (2.7) 5 (5.0) 4 (4.0)
Equal 79 (52.7) 104 (69.3) 63 (63.0) 83 (83.0)
Diagnosis Schizophrenia 68 (45.3) - 57 (57.0) -
Bipolar disorder 41 (27.3) - 24 (24.0) -
Major depressive disorder 41 (27.3) - 19 (19.0) -
  1. CFA confirmatory factor analysis, n total number of respondents, N number of respondents in a given category of background characteristics