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Table 2 Health-related quality of life according to gender and socioeconomic factors

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in health-related quality of life between men and women, 5 years after a coronary angiography

  Men Women p-value
  N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD)
Self-rated health 868 3.73 (0.75) 353 3.48 (0.80) <0.0001
Quality of life 904 3.78 (0.72) 374 3.60 (0.79) <0.0001
WHOQOL-BREF physical domain 867 62.80 (17.86) 336 53.90 (19.70) <0.0001
WHOQOL-BREF psychological domain 869 70.97 (16.12) 337 65.61 (17.69) <0.0001
Education level
 Primary
  Self-rated health 270 3.56 (0.73) 160 3.38 (0.81) 0.0196
  Quality of life 289 3.62 (0.72) 173 3.54 (0.79) 0.2765
  WHOQOL-BREF physical domain 271 57.01 (17.72) 150 49.58 (19.92) <0.0001
  WHOQOL-BREF psychological domain 272 67.07 (16.58) 151 63.57 (18.33) 0.0457
 Secondary
  Self-rated health 434 3.74 (0.74) 170 3.55 (0.80) 0.0054
  Quality of life 447 3.79 (0.71) 175 3.59 (0.79) 0.0022
  WHOQOL-BREF physical domain 432 64.38 (17.05) 161 55.72 (18.38) <0.0001
  WHOQOL-BREF psychological domain 433 72.01 (15.81) 161 66.79 (17.08) 0.0005
 Tertiary
  Self-rated health 158 3.94 (0.74) 22 3.59 (0.67) 0.0363
  Quality of life 163 4.06 (0.64) 25 4.04 (0.61) 0.8752
  WHOQOL-BREF physical domain 159 68.15 (17.51) 24 68.85 (18.83) 0.8568
  WHOQOL-BREF psychological domain 159 74.84 (14.98) 24 70.56 (17.00) 0.2014
Living conditions
 Difficult living conditions
  Self-rated health 119 3.34 (0.69) 59 3.07 (0.93) 0.0519
  Quality of life 126 3.29 (0.76) 61 3.18 (0.81) 0.3836
  WHOQOL-BREF physical domain 122 51.27 (18.10) 53 41.42 (19.52) 0.0015
  WHOQOL-BREF psychological domain 121 60.41 (18.15) 54 53.32 (17.41) 0.0167
 Easy living conditions
  Self-rated health 719 3.80 (0.73) 263 3.56 (0.74) <0.0001
  Quality of life 749 3.87 (0.68) 281 3.68 (0.75) 0.0002
  WHOQOL-BREF physical domain 721 64.89 (16.91) 258 56.38 (18.95) <0.0001
  WHOQOL-BREF psychological domain 724 72.82 (14.95) 258 68.17 (16.61) <0.0001
  1. Source: Monitoring and Dynamics of health status through the Risk Factors for Cardiovascular disease (MDYNRFC) Survey, 2013/2014