Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Key sample characteristics at baseline (in 2005)

From: How do social activities mitigate informal caregivers’ psychological distress? Evidence from a nine-year panel survey in Japan

  All Women Men
  M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Age (years) 54.7 (2.7) 54.6 (2.7) 54.7 (2.7)
Educational attainment (%)
 Junior high school 16.2   15.6   16.8  
 High school 58.4   64.1   52.5  
 Junior college 7.6   12.4   2.7  
 College 17.1   7.4   27.3  
 Other 0.6   0.5   0.7  
Having a spouse (%) 87.6   86.2   88.9  
Number of household members 2.5 (1.3) 2.4 (1.3) 26 (1.3)
Employed (%) 81.7   69.3   94.5  
Household spendinga 230.8 (220.6) 224.8 (191.0) 237.1 (247.6)
Informal caregiving (%) 7.3   9.1   5.4  
Participated in social activities (%) 71.7   72.8   70.6  
K6 score (range: 0–24) 3.0 (3.9) 3.2 (4.0) 2.8 (3.9)
Maximum caregiving duration (% of total [% of caregivers])b
No care 74.5   71.3   77.8  
1 year (commencement) 12.8 [50.1] 13.5 [47.0] 12.2 [54.3]
2 years 5.2 [20.2] 5.7 [19.7] 4.6 [20.9]
3 years 3.0 [11.8] 3.7 [12.8] 2.3 [10.4]
4 years 1.9 [7.3] 2.2 [7.7] 1.5 [6.6]
5 years 1.1 [4.5] 1.6 [5.6] 0.7 [3.0]
6-8 years 1.6 [6.2] 2.0 [7.1] 1.1 [4.9]
(Non-continuous caregiving 5.4 [21.2] 6.1 [21.3] 4.9 [20.9])
Number of individuals 24,193   12,352   11,841  
  1. aMonthly, thousand yen, adjusted for household size
  2. bDue to rounding, percentages do not always add up to 100 %