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Table 2 Quality of life of the sample according to severity using QLQC-30

From: A comparison of health state utility values associated with oral potentially malignant disorders and oral cancer in Sri Lanka assessed using the EQ-5D-3 L and the EORTC-8D

  Full sample Mean(SD) OPMD All Oral cancer Oral cancer Stage I Oral cancer Stage II Oral cancer Stage III Oral cancer Stage IV Oral cancer treated Oral cancer awaiting treatment
VAS 66(22) 70(22) 63(20) 68(17) 62(19) 57(23) 53(14) 67(22) 57(17)
GHS 61(23) 68(23) 57(23) 64(15) 57(19) 40(17) 48(25) 62(24) 55(17)
Functional scales
PF 80(21) 85(17) 77(23) 87(14) 82(19) 67(20) 61(29) 82(21) 72(23)
RF 73(30) 84(20) 66(32) 76(29) 75(26) 57(30) 46(36) 74(30) 67(31)
EF 78(23) 84(22) 74(23) 81(18) 67(26) 75(22) 59(30) 79(24) 71(20)
CF 81(22) 90(17) 75(22) 83(17) 79(20) 60(24) 67(22) 83(21) 70(22)
SF 80(25) 89(23) 75(26) 85(26) 67(27) 69(23) 61(26) 81(26) 74(24)
Symptom scales
Fatigue 23(20) 16(16) 28(21) 21(19) 29(22) 32(17) 40(21) 22(20) 31(19)
NV 8(20) 5(16) 10(22) 1.3(4.7) 15(29) 12(21) 18(31) 9(21) 7(15)
Pain 27(23) 20(19) 31(24) 20(17) 35(22) 41(22) 43(27) 26(23) 31(21)
Dyspnoea 16(25) 13(25) 17(25) 15(27) 15(25) 16(20) 36(26) 16(26) 15(22)
Insomnia 26(32) 20(28) 30(34) 19(29) 28(30) 38(37) 39(27) 25(33) 31(29)
AL 24(31) 15(23) 30(34) 22(32) 26(36) 44(33) 31(30) 23(32) 30(29)
Constipation 14(26) 8(15) 17(29) 11(27) 18(29) 28(32) 14(30) 14(26) 17(26)
Diarrhoea 11(24) 3(10) 17(28) 11(27) 18(29) 28(32) 14(30) 10(23) 17(26)
FD 32(34) 24(35) 36(33) 25(34) 45(35) 47(32) 47(30) 31(34) 33(34)
  1. Mean (SD)- all given values are mean and standard deviation(SD) for QLQC-30 scores (the QLQC-30 scores are from 0–100, higher the score better the quality of life); VAS- visual analogue scale; Stage I -The cancer is less than 2 cm in size, and has not spread to lymph nodes in the area; Stage 2 - The cancer is more than 2 cm in size, but less than 4 cm, and has not spread to lymph nodes in the area; Stage 3 - The cancer is bigger than 4 cm but has not spread to any lymph nodes or other parts of the body; Stage 4 - The cancer is either greater than 4 cm in largest diameter or is of any size but has metastasised to regional lymph nodes; GHS global health status, PF physical functioning, RF role functioning, EF emotional functioning, CF social functioning, NV nausea and vomiting, AL appetite loss, FD financial difficulties